REFERENCE  -  BY TOPICS          Material on this page © The Animal Council 2006 - 2013

National Pet Alliance                                          NEW HOME OF NPA  6/29/08!  
Since 1991, Karen Johnson and the National Pet Alliance conducted and published demographic pet population
studies in Santa Clara and San Diego County with focus on management of feral cats and use of incentive voucher
programs to subsidize spay and neuter.  A new study is being finalized.   Click above link for NPA info & studies.  

State Laws Regulating Breeding of Dogs and cats                NEW 4/3/13  

Pet Limit Laws  -  Issues, Policy & Law               UPDATED 7/31/08

Property Status of Animals                                 UPDATED 11/21/09

Population Issues    
San Mateo County POP Information          California Legislation on Animal Population Issues Since 1997, Rev. 2009

NEW 7/15/07 California Council of Companion Animal Advocates (1991-2000) CCCAA was made up or
organizations active in animal care and control, veterinary medicine, the pet industry and animal protection.  It was
a diverse group with differing philosophies setting an example for working together to find solutions for the
overpopulation of dogs and cats.  Council members met quarterly at the
California Veterinary Medical Association
headquarters in Sacramento.  
 CVMA abandoned this inclusive forum and associated itself with only State Humane
Association of California (
SHAC) and the California Animal Control Directors' Association (CACDA).  CCCAA had
presented 6 Symposia principally addressing "overpopulation" issues of dogs and cats.  
1991POP-I Report   
1993 POP II Report   1995 POP III Report   1997 POP IV Program Flyer   1999 POP V Program Flyer    2000 POP VI Flyer
A final legacy of CCCAA was this promotional sticker, perhaps an early sign of trouble ahead:                       

Alliance for Contraception in Cats and Dogs (ACC&D) is pursuing safe, effective non-surgical sterilization methods
for dogs and cats.  
Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Non-Surgical Methods of Pet Population
Control published material covers extensive undesirable health and behavioral consequences of surgical

NEW 6/30/07
Letter confirming authenticity of DHS-VPHU Reports below.  
Department of Health Services, Veterinary Public Health Unit Shelter Data Reports (cats included from 1995)
1993        NEW 7/29/07  1993 Complete original 4 page report
1995        NEW 7/29/07  1995 Complete original 6-page report
Summary Totals 1995-2005
2006 - DRAFT       Revised 1/29/09    NEW 3/3/09
2007 - revised 1/8/09  NEW 3/3/09
2008 - 7/7/09 DRAFT   NEW HERE 7/8/09     See our 7/10/09 Blog post for history, limitations of these reports.  
August 17, 2009 amended report       August 11, 2010 DRAFT - 2009 report   NEW 9/9/11  "FINAL" 2009 REPORT  
2010  NEW 9/9/11
Current program information      
9/12/11 2011 Declaration of all California "rabies area" & new Local Rabies Control Activities reporting forms & more
2011 Local Animal Control Activities Annual Report  
2012 Report of Local Activities Reporting Form  
2012 Local Animal Control Activities Annual Report  NEW 11/16/13
2013 Local Animal Control Activities Annual Report  NEW 8/16/15  (8 counties not reporting)

This data is collected as part of the California Rabies Control program administered by this agency links revised 7/7/15  
under state law that mandates dog licensing for the entire state (Health & Safety Code Section 121690 as a rabies
endemic area.)  Note that Food & Agricultural Code provisions do not mandate dog licensing.  Cat licensing is at
local option.  The purpose of state mandated dog licensing is prevention of rabies through rabies vaccination.  
Local ordinances may, and many do, require veterinarians to report rabies vaccination records to ensure
compliance with laws .  State or local legislation creating dis-incentives to canine vaccination is suspect public
policy.  California Rabies Reports:  
1950-1994   1990   1991  1992  1993  1994  1995  1996  1997  1998  1999   2000  
2001  2005  1995-2005  NEW 4/11/10  2010 to 4/2/10 (1 dog, Trinity County) 2010 FINAL 2 dogs (1 Trinity, 1 Humboldt)    
2009 Year (0 dogs, 0 cats) BOTH Provisional    2008 Final (0 dogs, 1 cat, Humboldt Cty)   2007 (0 dogs, 1 cat, Trinity
2006 (Zero dog or cat cases!)  Cumulative reported cases, 1997-2006       
CA Rabies Vaccine Compendium  
CA Rabies Compendium 2012    2011 CA Summary Final  (0 dogs, 0 cats)
2012 Provisional, 1 dog Monterey County, 1 cat, Kern County, 2012;  2012 Rabies Surveillance in California, final rpt.
1/29/13 Rabies case, unvaccinated pet cat, Sonoma County.  11/16/13 Updated, one dog case, details unknown.  
2013 Rabies Surveillance in California, final report: 1 dog (San Mateo County,) 1 cat (Sonoma County,) case
histories included.  
NEW 8/16/15

NEW 2/12/2016  
The Rabies Awareness Website is a project by Merial to rapid access to provide current, validated
State-level laws and regulations on rabies vaccination that directly impact decisions made in private practice.

NEW 6/30/15  Rabies Challenge Fund "This is one of the most important projects in veterinary medicine. It will
benefit all dogs by providing evidence that protection from rabies vaccination lasts at least 5 years, thereby
avoiding unnecessary revaccination with its attendant risk of debilitating adverse reactions."

National Council on Pet Population founded in 1993 consists of animal-related organizations brought together to
work on mutual goals regarding homeless pets.  National Council studies have been published in peer-reviewed
journals and legitimize the field of pet population research, encouraging other scientists to address this issue in
their work.  The web site now has the studies which debunk some of the myths that have led to ill-conceived
legislation and is a must-read to for understanding shelter population issues. 
12/30/11 In the fall of 2010, the National Council was absorbed by one of its members, the Society of Animal Welfare
Administrators (SAWA) which has changed its name to National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy (NCPPSP)
Any future work will have to stand independently of the unique collaboration of the original National Council.

King County, Washington's Ordinance 10423 was the second mandatory spay and neuter/breeding permit law
following San Mateo County and enacted in July 1992.  This 1998 analysis was prepared by Lee Wallot, a Snohomish
resident and Collie Fancier.  Note, her "Animal Legislative Awareness Network, A.L.A.N." pre-dated and has no
relationship to a group in Los Angeles using this name.  
King County 1998 Report

Montgomery County, Maryland Office of Legislative Oversight mandated analysis of the County's 1992 amendments
to the Animal Control Ordinance including breeding permits and high fee differential licensing for dogs and cats.  
The 1997 analysis is significant, because it was done by a County office and recommended returning to the original
license fee structure and eliminating breeding permits.  47 pages.  
Montgomery County Office of Legislative Oversight 1997 Report

The American Kennel Club's Canine Legislation Position Statements:  

CITY OF LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SERVICES information and data extracted from City budget
2004-05 DAS Revenue sources by category
2005-06 DAS Proposed Budget including year to year actual dog licensing, breeder permits, euthanasia & MORE
Department of Animal Services
3rd Quarter FY 2006 Report, including licensing information.
NEW 10/18/06 2006-07 DAS Proposed Budget  Note discrepancies in actual license/permits from prior years.  

NEW 6/16/06 COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES, CHAPTER 10 COUNTY CODE, ANIMALS including the 2006 amendments
requiring mandatory sterilization of all dogs with limited exceptions, including "competition" dog or member of
qualifying dog club, and $60 unaltered permit.  Mandatory microchipping for all dogs.  

NEW 5/4/06  SANTA CRUZ COUNTY, CALIFORNIA a small, coastal county just south of San Mateo and Santa Clara
Counties, in 1994 after a long, contentious process,
enacted spay/neuter and breeding restrictions based on
issuance of an
"unaltered certificate"  ($15) in addition to a basic dog or cat license.  ($20 altered, $40 unaltered)
Current info, at 2011 entry below.    At that time, the County's animal services with the exception of the City of
Watsonville and Town of Capitola, were provided under contract with the Santa Cruz SPCA.  That contact has been
discontinued and animal services provided by the Santa Cruz County Animal Authority as
Santa Cruz County Animal
Services.  In late 2004, the City of Watsonville enacted the County ordinance followed by the Town of Capitola in
2006.  Updated 4/27/07
2007 UNALTERED CERT. APPLICATION   Additional background, 1994 letter from County
Administrator, Susan Mauriello.  Effective July 2009:  
new fees and new applications for dog licenses (as of 9/30/09)
(now $26 altered, $65 unaltered
dog) - NO CAT LICENSING- and dog/cat unaltered certificates (9/30/09) ($100 one
time fee and $100 re-application fee if moving to a new address.)
*** NOTE: foregoing material is provided for historical context relevant to understanding the evolution of the County
programs and political implications for other jurisdictions. For current (2011) licensing information:
9/8/11 NEW 2011 SANTA CRUZ COUNTY Dog license fees are $70 unaltered ($28 altered), check for senior fees, late
fees plus "Unaltered Animal Certificates (UAC) are required in addition to the license for any unaltered dog 6
months or older. To obtain a UAC, the dog must have a current license and a letter from a licensed vet on his or
her letterhead stating that the vet has examined the dog within the past year and the owner is following the
preventive health care program outlined for the animal. The cost of this REQUIRED certificate is $100. All new
certificates require a facility check by a Santa Cruz County Animal Shelter animal control officer. An annual health
care statement is required to keep the certificate current."   The Department inadvertently omitted mention of the
UAC for cats and is adding this to their website.  
2011 Dog License Application   (provided for information
purposes, courtesy of Santa Cruz County Animal Services)  
1/7/14 The cost of this REQUIRED certificate is NOW
. All new certificates require a facility check by a Santa Cruz County Animal Shelter animal control officer. An
annual health care statement is required to keep the certificate current.  
Separate Unaltered Dog license, $100.  
Current county issues:
12/9/13 Animal Shelter Board of Directors agenda and supporting materials.  
Note:  If you need Santa Cruz County documents for compliance purposes, please check for the latest updates at    
http:/   (New URL)  or telephone (831) 454-7209

MANDATORY SPAY/NEUTER LITIGATION  9/30/06  ATHENS, OHIO has repealed its 2004 ordinance mandating
sterilization of all dogs and cats over 6 months of age prior to transfer.  The lawsuit filed in March 2005 by Petland
challenging the ordinance had been set for trial in October, and adverse holding could have threatened other
MSN ordinances according to an article in the
Athens News.  A new ordinance of undetermined content is
expected.  This had been the first legal challenge to a MSN ordinance in the United States.  The City of Los Angeles
2008 MSN ordinance was unsuccessfully challenged but held to be a valid exercise of the City's police power.  
CDOC et al. v City of Los Angeles (2011)  Also see ACF v Sun, a challenge to the 2006 County of Los Angeles MSN
ordinance dismissed without leave to amend by a federal trial court.     


CALIFORNIA Government Law - is important in understanding and challenging improper restraints on
the public right to know and participate in legislative and related proceedings and exercise First Amendment
rights at the local (Ralph M. Brown Act) or state (Bagley-Keene Act Open Meeting Act) levels and the Public
Records Act.   For complete legal information, references and assistance:
Californians Aware
9/15/09 update The California First Amendment Coalition has changed its name to First Amendment Coalition (FAC)
to reflect its expanded scope of national and international activity beyond California, which remains a top priority
according to Executive Director Peter Scheer.  
California Anti-Slapp Project   2009  A federal anti-slapp bill is underdevelopment.  
CALIFORNIA LAW - Sales - Sellers must know the law applicable to sales or other transfers of dogs and
cats - both state and local.   Following are California state provisions.   NEW 9/11/06

NEW 8/11/07 CALIFORNIA BOARD OF EQUALIZATION as of August 2007 is demanding Seller's Permits for collecting
and remitting state sales tax for sellers of more than 2 pet or non-food animals in a 12- month period as detailed in
a new publication
Buying and Selling Dogs, Cats and other Non-food Animals.  (Publication 122)  Be sure to
telephone the BOE at 800-400-7115 for all questions and application information.   
4/8/08 BOS April 4, 2008 generic
Dear Pet Association" letter to educate pet sellers.  

NEW 8/11/07 CALIFORNIA LAW - DOG AND/OR CAT SALES BY INDIVIDUALS - Table of Applicable State law

Pet Dealers - means a person engaging in the business of selling dogs or cats, or both, at retail, and by virtue of
the sales of dogs and cats is required to possess a permit pursuant to Section 6066 of the Revenue and Taxation
Code.  For purposes of this article, the separate sales of dogs or cats from a single litter shall constitute only one
sale under Section 6019 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.  This definition does not apply to breeders of dogs
regulated pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 122045...)
Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet Protection Act

Dog Breeders - "dog breeder," or "breeder" means a person, firm, partnership, corporation, or other association
that has sold, transferred, or given away all or part of three or more litters or 20 or more dogs during the
preceding 12 months that were bred and reared on the premises of the person, firm, partnership, corporation, or
other association.   
Polanco-Lockyer Pet Breeder Warranty Act

All Dog Sellers of dogs sold as registrable MUST provide the statutory disclosure form AND post a conspicuous
notice in at least 100 point type.  
Rosenthal dog pedigree disclosure statute

All Dog Sellers (except Dealers, shelters, 501(c)(3)s) - Sales of dogs under 8 weeks (compensation and
transfer of custody) requires prior written authorization of veterinarian licensed in California.  
Penal Code Sec. 597z

New 1/4/07 Dog Tethering prohibitions (criminal offenses) effective 1/1/07, Health & Safety Code Sec. 122335

New 1/10/07 Animals in vehicles, California Penal Code Section 597.7 enacted by SB 1806 in 2006, effective
1/1/07creates a state criminal offense based on "No person shall leave or confine an animal in any unattended
motor vehicle
under conditions that endanger the health or well-being of an animal due to heat, cold, lack of
adequate ventilation, or lack of food or water, or
other circumstances that could reasonably be expected to cause
suffering, disability, or death to the animal
."  The media have been incorrectly that this totally prohibits leaving
animals in vehicles, but many people believe this.  The consequences of a state penal code violation, particularly a
second offense, are serious and warrant taking considered preventive measures to avoid confrontations with
citizens or law enforcement.  Print some copies of the law and keep these in your vehicle.  Monitor temperatures
inside and out carefully.  Carry a readable thermometer in the vehicle and a camera/recording device.  Select
replacement vehicles for privacy and cooling features.  
NEW 1/30/2016  AB 797 enacted in 2016, effective 1/1/2017   
provides in Civil Code Section 43.100, civil immunity from liability for damage to a vehicle from which a person
rescues an animal from a vehicle if the rescuer complies with 6 requirements set forth in Penal Code Section 597.7
(b)(2) that relieves from criminal liability a person whose actions are taken reasonably and in good faith and meets
all 6 requirements.  This law is new; there is no enforcement experience for rescuers or vehicle or animal owners.  
STUDY GUIDE:  CALIFORNIA LAW – 2016 AB 797, Right to Rescue Animals from Vehicles, Effective 1/1/17
REFERENCE:  California Law:  Animals in Vehicles – 2017     

New 12/31/16  California Pet Boarding Facilities, effective 1/1/17, enacted by 2016 SB 945 Health and Safety Code
Sections 122380-122388 based on a threshold definition and criminal offenses punishable by fines, correctable on
first violations unless animal is harmed, local enforcement only concurrent with all other laws.
REFERENCE - CALIFORNIA LAW:  Pet Boarding Facilities

New 2/22/07  Civil Damages   California has "strict liability" for dog bites.   Criminal provisions, dog attacks.  

New 7/15/07 CALIFORNIA VETERINARY PRACTICE is governed by the California Veterinary Medicine
Practice Act and administered by the
California Veterinary Medical Board, an agency within the Department of
Consumer Affairs (DCA).  The VMB promulgates rules under its statutory authority, licenses veterinarians and
veterinary premises, registers veterinary technicians, receives and investigates complaints about licensees and
registrants and administers the disciplinary process and mandatory continuing education for licensees.  The
Veterinary Medical Board and the Registered Veterinary Technician Committee regularly hold meetings open the
public.  The California Veterinary Medical Association (
CVMA) is a voluntary trade association representing the

In early 2003, the City of West Hollywood (LA County) enacted an ordinance prohibiting anyone, licensed
veterinarian or otherwise from declawing a cat.  The VMB obtained a
legal opinion from the DCA legal office stating
that state law preempts the field of veterinary practice.  CVMA filed a lawsuit seeking declaratory and injunctive
relief against WeHo, both filed cross motions for summary judgment which the trial court granted in favor of CVMA.
WeHo appealed, and the Second District Court of Appeal has
reversed and ordered the trial court to reverse and
grant WeHo's motion for summary judgment.  CMVA's web site has announced its intention to file a Petition for
Review by the California Supreme Court due to the extensive ramifications of this decision on the entire medical
10/14/07 The California Supreme Court on October 10 denied CVMA's petition for review.  WeHo is
announcing intention to begin enforcement.  [Note: A September 25, 2007 opinion of the Commonwealth of Virginia
Attorney General issued an
official advisory opinion that a similar ordinance there did exceed local government
authority based on Virginia Dillon Rule.]  

6/11/2015 AVMA links revised
technology combined with managed databases to identify individual animals.  
American Veterinary Medical
Association policy, "The Objectives and Key Elements Needed for Effective Electronic Identification of Companion
Animals, Birds, and Equids (Approved by the Executive Board November 2005, revised April 2006)" reviews the
complex, practical issues underlying the "microchip" concept.  AVMA Statement on Microchipping responding to
reports of links between microchips cancer in dogs and laboratory animals is now included in the revised
  AVMA Microchip FAQs  AVMA "Backgrounder: Microchipping of Animals"  6/10/2015 As more
manufacturers market their own microchips, not all chips now have identification that make them easily trackable
to any registration source even if the animal owner has enrolled the identifying information with databases.  The
American Animal Hospital Association has a Universal Microchip Lookup that enables anyone to enter a chip
number and search all registries where the individual chip has been registered.  

New 1/4/08  VETERINARY ISSUES IN STERILIZATION OF DOGS have become a public policy
concern as activists promote mandatory sterilization of privately owned dogs of all ages and backgrounds without
regard to the patient's medical needs as determined within a veterinary-client relationship, or even how that
determination is made in the absence of an acute illness.  As an emerging issue, the professional literature is just
beginning to address these concerns.  A new article by Margaret V. Root Kustritz, DVM, PhD, DACT,  "
the optimal age for gonadectomy of dogs and cats", Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
December 1, 2007, Vol. 231, No. 11, Pages 1665-1675 is now available for public access at the AVMA website.  
5/15/14  Neutering Dogs: Effects on Joint Disorders and Cancers in Golden Retrievers, February 2013  

7/20/14  Evaluation of the risk and age of onset of cancer and behavioral disorders in gonectomized Vizslas.
JAMVA, Vol 244, No 3, February 1, 2014.  

Long-Term Health Effects of Neutering Dogs: Comparison of Labrador Retrievers with Golden Retrievers
Hart BL, Hart LA, Thigpen AP, Willits NH,
published July 14, 2014.   

5/26/2016  Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Thigpen, A. P. and Willits, N. H. (2016), Neutering of German Shepherd Dogs:
associated joint disorders, cancers and urinary incontinence. Veterinary Medicine and Scienc. doi: 10.1002/vms3.34
Published online, May 16, 2016  

12/12/2016  Gonadectomy effects on the risk of immune disorders in the dog: a retrospective study.  Crystal R.
Sundburg, Janelle M. Belanger, Danika L. Bannasch, Thomas R. Famula and Anita M. Oberbauer    Sundburg et al.
BMC Veterinary Research (2016) 12:278 DOI 10.1186/s12917-016-0911-5  Published online December  8, 2016  

AVMA's handy
calculator to estimate pet population based on community population.   Revised link, 5/15/14