OUTSIDE CALIFORNIA LEGISLATIVE MATERIALS: Material on this page © The Animal Council 2006 - 2013
Materials on this page are provided for reference, typically supplementing other work done by us or others and are not intended as a
comprehensive or even current resource. To obtain up-to-date information for any local jurisdiction, make a preliminary visit to any
websites including online code sources, but only the jurisdiction itself -- either the clerk (or equivalent) to the lawmaking body or the legal
counsel are appropriate and reliable sources of current law. This is not the function of law enforcement agencies, nor should anyone uncertain
of his own compliance status initiate contact with law enforcement agencies prior to analyzing all current applicable law. Consulting with your
own local attorney may be necessary to assure your personal understanding and options, in the event of detrimental impact.
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Animal Council's primary focus is California. At the end of 2013, we created this new "Outside California Legislative Materials"
page and limited "Current Legislative Materials" to California county and municipal jurisdictions. Although no longer try to keep these entries current,
there are watersheds that should be readily available, such as Louisville and Albuquerque. We will continue to update and add materials as
5/4/06 City of Bloomington, December 2005 enacted ordinance substituting "owner/guardian" with numerous
amendments to "reflect current animal-related issues": deletes licensing; adds "humane treatment" specific
standards including time and manner of tethering; increases the numbers allowed before a noncommercial kennel
permit required; allows feral cat colonies under permits/requirements; dangerous/vicious animal amendments
increases breeder permit fees and more. This was the 14th "guardian" jurisdiction
INDIANAPOLIS/MARIAN COUNTY City-County Council Rules and Public Policy Committee held a public hearing on
October 10, 2006 on a variety of ordinance amendments including mandatory microchip (dogs & cats)/sterilization
of "animals" except "show, breeder, law enforcement, service or competition animal or crime prevention dog."
(LA County copycat concept.) Updated 10/11/06 On 10/11, the Committee revised Proposal 370 to eliminate the
MSN provision and allow optional microchipping in lieu of collar/tags, and this was approved by the full Council
City of Marion has amendments to its animal ordinance that would impose objectionable provisions including
unaltered permits for dogs and cats, “major” and “minor” breeding permits (terminology seen in Indiana) and
requires restraint of animals at all times.
On Tuesday, January 3, 2006, the Marion City Council unanimously passed this ordinance on the second reading,
but in response to strong community opposition, referred the ordinance back to the Ordinance Committee for
possible revisions and return to the Council on April 4 for a third hearing.
Updated 12/31/06 LOUISVILLE/JEFFERSON COUNTY 8TH draft of amendments to the animal ordinance
including breed specific, reduced limits, extensive and expanded requirements for licensing and for dangerous
dogs and much, much more on December 11 passed the Louisville Government Administration, Rules, Ethics and
Audit Committee by 4-3 vote after a motion to table failed. A number of amendments were approved (see minutes)
and the ordinance passed the full Metro Council on December 19, 2006 with many, many amendments, BSL deleted
but unaltered dog covered by provisions typically associated with dogs determined dangerous. A final version is
NOW available. LOUISVILLE, CHAPTER 19, ANIMALS, FLOOR SUBSTITUTE AS AMENDED. Also see Louisville Animal
Services and for local opposition information, Louisville Pets 1/4/07 Mayor Jerry Abramson signed the ordinance.
Updated 4/6/07 Ordinance re-enacted on party lines, April 5, with minor amendments. 2/18/08 A group of
organizations and individuals filed a lawsuit, still in progress; however, a number of provisions in the 2006
ordinance have been amended in a revised ordinance enacted in December 2007.
10/09 Louisville KC et al v. Louisville/Jefferson Metro Govt was decided by the US District Court, Western District
of KY (federal trial court, i.e. this decision applies only on the facts of this case to these parties and is not citable
precedent in other litigation), upholding the ordinance on all issues raised except two, potentially useful to local
parties challenging enforcement actions.
MICHIGAN MI STATE LEGISLATURE
MI H.B. No. 6395, Rep. Bill Caul, regulation/licensing "pet sellers" of more than 2 dogs or cats OR more than 1 litter
in 12 mo period: FBI Crim. check (may deny if fel/misdemnr animal/domestic violence convic.) $200/yr, issued
locally. Introduced 9/3 and referred to Commitee on Agriculture [Note, 1969 PA 224, MCL 287.381 et seq covers
Regulation of dealers and facilities using animals in research, i.e. excluded from bill; MI Dept of Ag faclities
regulations apply to covered sellers.) Update 9/8/08, HB 6395 is being withdrawn.
SF 121 by State Senator Don Bezold (D-51) would enact the Dog and Cat Breeders Acts requiring state licensing
and regulation by the Board of Animal Health based on a numerical threshold of possessing, as expressly defined,
6 or more “adult, intact breeding females” without distinction as to species and imposes far more onerous and
stringent standards than for other state licensees or would likely be adopted through rulemaking or any
stakeholder input process. 2 additional co-authors have been added. Updated 2/14/07
CITY OF GREAT FALLS City Commission on January 2, 2007 conducted a public hearing and final reading of a
replacement animal ordinance. Registration for cats at 8 weeks and cat confinement, limits of 2+2 w/o multiple
animal permit and commercial kennel license limited by zoning for "breeding dogs, cats, reptiles or any pet animal
for compensation are issues of concern. The Staff Report cited the work of "The Blue Ribbon Committee for
Animal Control Issues." Staff then revised the ordinance with additions including hobby breeder permits (2 dog
litters, 4 cat litters, offspring removed by 4 months), and with no further hearing the new ordinance was
unanimously passed on January 16, 2007. 1/16/07 amended provisions Final Ordinance, effective July 1,
2007. Updated 2/1/07
NORTH LAS VEGAS On 1/2/08 passed an amended animal ordinance as well as a mandatory sterilization ordinance.
Unaltered dog/cat licenses, $25 annually, limit 3 each >3 mos., MSN by 4 mos. unless medical exemption or fancier
permit, limit 6, $25 annually. New 1/8/08 Proposed revisions to definitions, August 17, 2015 New 8/24/15
UPDATED 8/8/06 A 3401 (Cohen/Voss) breaks new ground in attempting to restrict breeding and sales of
cats and dogs through state law and regulation, but it does build on a framework of existing law and regulation.
Bill PDF HTML Reference material. Current state forms for Pet Dealers and Pet Stores. Responding to
opposition submitted by email, Assembly Deputy Speaker Neil M. Cohen has responded, "First, I want to thank
everyone who sent an email regarding the above legislation. The bill as currently introduced is not going to be
moved without major changes, many of which I know must be modified. Please forward your suggestions by email,
if you can, regarding the legislation, and any ideas to improve the same. For those who don't know, I am a
protector of animals, particularly dogs, and the consumers who purchase puppies. Our dialogue will continue with
respect to this legislation. Thank You"
New 2/14/07 HB 1106, the Pet Owner Responsibility Act would codify as New Mexico state law the Los Angeles
County mandatory spay/neuter model and extend it to cats. Updated 3/12/07 Author has dropped the bill.
NEW 12/30/06 Governor Bill Richardson's 12/30/06 press release detailing a $3.6 million animal protection package
to be presented to the Legislature next month.
UPDATED 6/11/06 City of Albuquerque already had an animal ordinance with some unusual provisions and a hobby
breeding facility permit ($50 per year) limited to persons involved in controlled breeding of dogs, cats, or ferrets
which are registered with a nationally or internationally recognized animal registry organization but additional
competing restrictive ordinances elevate this city to red flag status for relocation or placement. The a proposal by
Mayor Chavez, the "SNAP" or "Spay Neuter Albuquerque Pets Ordinance" intended as an alternative to the "Heart"
ordinance (see below) would require, "All dogs and cats owned by any person in the City of Albuquerque shall be
spayed or neutered. SNAP would not apply to hobby breeders, but hobby breeders are the only persons who may
legally possess a dog or cat in the Albuquerque city limits if the dog or cat is capable of breeding. Intact Animal
Permits are hereby abolished and shall not be granted in the future. Dogs and cats that already exist and reside in
households in the City as of the effective date of the enactment of SNAP shall be microchipped but do not have to
be spayed or neutered until December 31, 2007."
Council Member Sally Mayer's (pronounced "my-a") 65-page "HEART" Humane and Ethical Animal Rules and
Treatment ordinance to replace the existing ordinance with an entirely new, unique rhetoric filled rendition was
heard on May 1 by the City Council for final adoption with public testimony. Councilor Mayer offered 3 separate
lists of extensive amendments and 5 hours of public testimony was taken with the matter continued to May 15
when the Council spent several more hours presenting and voting on numerous amendments with Mayer having
enough votes to sustain her premise of protecting animals at the expense of people. The Council adjourned at 10:
30 pm and to tackle the matter again on May 22. Councilor Don Harris opposed HEART and tried to "help" dog
fanciers with a Los Angeles County "competition" dog copycat definition (including his drafted provision to cover
dogs up to 18 months of age with a statement of intent to compete) to support at lower unaltered fee and allow one
impound without mandatory s/n. On May 22, 2006, the Council passed the HEART final version, to be effective
August 22 with a 6 month grace period to alter and microchip (or relocate) "companion animals." Introduced
August 7, were amendments "To Clarify the Requirement To Provide Access To Water and To Clarify An Exception
To The Activities That Constitute Cruelty".
DAVIDSON COUNTY The public hearing before the County Commissioners on the proposed ordinance
amendment for a one-time $100 permit to keep an unaltered cat or dog ($50.00 each over 5) is planned for Tues.,
Feb. 13, 2007 in Lexington, North Carolina. The staff report for the Jan. 4 informational meeting indicates a
Commission appointed committee copied the 2004 Buncombe County ordinance on the belief that this causes
shelter intake reduction. 1/17/07 2/14/07 Commissioners defeated proposal by 5-2 vote. New 5/22/16 Davidson County took
over its animal shelter in August, 2015, and in 2016 formed a 14 member animal advisory committee to address
animal control issues in the county including increased s/n.
City of Lawton, Comanche County, Resolution 07-06 was adopted by the City Council on February 13, 2007
amending the Animal Ordinance with a "Breeding/Advertising/Transfer permit" or "(B.A.T.)" and some unusual and
troubling provisions. New 2/21/07
OHIO HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Updated 12/9/06 2005 H 606, as introduced (companion SB 342, not assigned to committee) would create a new
state licensing and regulatory authority for "commercial dog kennels, commercial dog intermediaries, animal
rescues for dogs, and animal shelters for dogs" as defined and based on numerical thresholds and purposes and
a consumer protection provision for pet shop sales of dogs. Current state law includes provision for county
auditors administering dog license and kennel registration. This bill would also delete kennel registration
references from local authority. H 606 was scheduled for hearing before the Ohio House Committee on State
Government (contact info), Thursday, December 7, 2006 at 9:30 a.m. A revised, expanded version of H 606 is now
available. 2/07 This bill died at the end of the 2006 session.
City of Athens has repealed its 2004 mandatory dog/cat sterilization before transfer ordinance prior to trial of the
lawsuit filed against it in 2005 by Petland. A new ordinance of undetermined content is anticipated. 9/30/06
PENNSYLVANIA Governor, Democrat Edward G. Rendell earlier this year removed and replaced members of
the Dog Law Advisory Board and is working to revise regulations pursuant to the Dog Law and propose legislation
to amend the Dog Law. The proposed regulatory changes have been published on for a 60-day comment period
ending February 14, 2007. Updated 2/2/07, The comment period for the draft Dog Law regulations will be extended
for an additional 30 days, until March 16, 2007. Official notice of this extension will be published in the
Pennsylvania Bulletin on February 10, 2007. The Regulatory Review Process in Pennsylvania PA Bureau of Dog
Law New 12/15/06
Updated 4/17/07 Comments of the Independent Regulatory Review Commission, April 16, 2007
Rhode Island House bill 7906 SUB A (an amended version), has been enacted and codifies the schemes of the
recently enacted local ordinances requiring sterilization of all cats over 6 months without a breeding permit and
regulation of feral cat caretakers. Permit language and provisions derive from the original San Mateo County
ordinance (see Publications page) except there is no litter number restriction which is not species-
appropriate. H 7906 also imposes a $1.00 surcharge on town dog licenses to fund town spay/neuter funds with
this and permit funds to be divided equally between spay/neuter accounts for designated low income individuals
and for all other s/n programs. There is a 120 grace period for compliance. Towns may, by local ordinance, prohibit
cat breeding altogether. Updated 6/11/06
City of Pawtucket, December 7, 2005 City Council meeting Agenda Item 22. THE ANIMAL CONTROL COMMITTEE
SUBMITS THE FOLLOWING ORDINANCE TO BE TABLE ON THE TABLE: AN ORDINANCE IN AMENDMENT OF CHAPTER
116 OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES OF THE CITY OF PAWTUCKET, 1996, ENTITLED “ANIMALS” –
ESTABLISHING SPAY OR NEUTER REQUIREMENTS FOR CATS IN THE CITY OF PAWTUCKET. This ordinance would
require altering of all cats over 6 months without a revocable "intact permit" at a one-time fee of $100 for a "pure
bred show" cat or one for which the owner signed a statement that it will not be bred. The permit would be
revocable for failure to comply with any conditions, pay any fees or allow inspection of the permitted cat or
premises on 48 hours written notice.
City of Warwick has a similar ordinance pending. This ordinance requires spay/neuter of all cats over 6 months
of age except for individuals covered by a license to breed cats, fee of $100 per cat per year subject to
conditions. Feral cat caretakers as defined are exempt. (Note: City of Warwick has 3 dog, 3 cat limit subject to a
permit for more.) http://www.warwickri.gov
Aiken County, South Carolina Animal Control Advisory Committee will now consider the following ordinance for
the unincorporated county.
City of Aiken, Aiken County in the low country area north of Augusta, Georgia
Aiken, South Carolina proposed animal ordinance amendments, October 2005
November 14, 2005 the City of Aiken ordinance was passed with the intention of being a model ordinance for Aiken
County. The Aiken County Animal Advisory Committee meets on November 29th. Key provisions are:
$100/unsterilized animal ($80 if microchipped) for a lifetime fee. $200 for 5 unsterilized animals and $300 for
above that number. $15 for sterilized animals - one time fee. If microchipped - no fee. $15 for spay/neuter,
microchip, rabies - low income families only. $25/year for a kennel license. A kennel is 6 or more dogs or 6 or
more cats or 6 or more carnivorous mammals (fertile OR sterilized animals!) - requires a kennel license plus
empowers authorized agents of the City to enter the premises of any kennel unencumbered. Exotic animals - One
animal will require a kennel license (includes reptiles and squirrels as well as all other exotic species) Identified
hybrid - wild animal crossbred to domestic dogs or cats. One such animal will require a kennel license. Barking,
whining, howling, yowling, cackling or crowing for 10 minutes or longer constitutes a nuisance animal that can be
impounded. Failure to provide food for a period of more than 24 hours and/or water or other necessary care for
more than 12 hours is a violation of the ordinance and the owner will forfeit all ownership of the animal(s). The
special exemption for the hunting dogs was removed.
TEXAS 254 Texas counties, 1208 incorporated cities State Dept of Licensing & Regulation Advisory Com Application 1/5/15
TDLR ANNUAL INVENTORY OF DOGS AND CATS HELD AT FACILITY, due annually by February 15. 5/19/2015 Proposed amendment to regs to
update TDLR's website URL. No substantive changes. Administrative amendment: 16 TAC Chapter 91, amendments to §91.74, 8/3/15 requiring
specific language re TDLR in sales/transfer contracts. 8/ 18/15
City of San Antonio 9/13/07 City of San Antonio Animal Care Services: See related documents at site.
12/13/07 City Council unanimously passed Chapter 5 animal ordinance revisions.
COLLIN COUNTY Cities
City of Plano 2/15/09 City Council 2/18/09 meeting, agenda item q regarding fees, item r, repeal existing animal
ordinance, adopt new ordinance with extensive revisions, limits, redemption, transfer (no more than 1 litter/12 mos
unless Commercial brder permit, over 4 mos. sterilized, microchipped, rabies vac at 3 mos)
DALLAS COUNTY Dallas City Code (AmLegal)
City of Dallas has long prohibited animal sales from residences by zoning ordinance, and current proposed city
ordinance revisions from the Animal Shelter Commission to City Staff would include: tethering & restraint issues;
mandatory s/n w/o breeding permit, approved registry & club membership at $500 per year and more; limit
imposition of a 6 dog/cat total on single family residences, foster care provider allowed total 10 w/unnanounced
inspections; "miscellaneous" changes and penalties; and changes to the dangerous dog Article. 3/30/08
4/21/08 The "Discussion Draft" 2440 kb with "reasons" for proposed ordinance changes, dated 1/30/08. 5/20/08 The
City Council is expected to consider the ordinance on 6/18 with a vote on 6/25. 6/14/08 The Wednesday, June 18,
City Council Briefing Meeting will consider the revised proposed changes (breeding permit fee lowered to $70;
mandatory microchip for all), draft ordinance and comparison of key provisions to those of a number of other
Texas jurisdictions. Note, unaltered registration fee is $30 + MSN dog/cat at 6 mos unless qualifying for $70 annual
breeding permit. 6/19/08 Ordinance to be on regular council agenda for Wed., June 25. 6/25/08 Dallas City Council
passed ordinance 10-3 (2 absent) after rejecting proposed substitute ordinance, 9-4.
EL PASO COUNTY
City of El Paso, after nearly 2 years, an amended ordinance is agendized for the December 13 City Council
meeting as Item "14. PUBLIC HEARINGS - MAYOR AND COUNCIL: An Ordinance amending Title 7 (Animals) of the El
Paso City code in its entirety, providing that penalties for violations thereof shall not exceed two-thousand
dollars ($2,000.00) per day per violations as provided in 7.04.080 of the El Paso City Code. [Representative Beto
O'Rourke, (915) 541-4268] POSTPONED FROM 12/06/05" http://www.elpasotexas.gov
The El Paso ordinance includes cat confinement, mandatory microchip, periodic canvassing, and breeding permits
for female dogs and cats, $75 for permit covering 2 litters per female within a 12 month period, permit to be
obtained within 10 days of birth of litter. Note, ordinance reference to kennel definition in Title 20 of the Municipal
code reads: 20.02.408 Kennel. "Kennel" means any premises on which five or more dogs or cats, four months of
age or older, are kept; or where the business of buying, selling, breeding, grooming, training or boarding of dogs
or cats is conducted. The retail sale of animals may be permitted as a part of a kennel operation; however, for the
purpose of setbacks and other specific restrictions, a retail pet shop shall not be classified as a kennel. (Prior
code § 25-6 (part))
The El Paso City Council on December 13, passed by 6-2 vote the above revisions, the first in 20 years. East-Valley
city Rep. Eddie Holguin and East-Central city Rep. José Alexandro Lozano voted against the ordinance.
The El Paso City Council at its January 24, 2006 meeting will consider amending , "Discussion and action on an
Ordinance amending Title 7 (Animals) of the El Paso City Code, to provide fairness in the application of this section
of the El Paso City Code and to ensure that the rights of the economically disadvantaged and those living on fixed
incomes are not unduly burdened, by amending certain portions of Ordinance 16229, consistent with the language
of the Title 7 prior to 13 December 2005. [Representative Melina Castro, (915) 541-4400 and Representative Jose
Alexandro Lozano, (915) 541-4515] The proposed amendment recognizes animal ownership as a quality of life
issue for which unreasonable and onerous regulation and taxation more restrictive than state law is detrimental.
City of Austin, the activist Animal Advisory Commission (AAC) of the City of Austin continues to revise its
proposed ordinance with a punitive scheme of intact, transitory, exhibitor (conformation showing requirements)
and breeding permits (AKC/UKC/CFA/TICA breed club members only, conformation showing required) as
exceptions to mandatory s/n of all cats and dogs over 6 months. To date, the City Council has declined to
proceed. 12/19/05 Revision. At its February 2006 meeting, the AAC accepted additional changes to the "Austin
Save a Pet (ASAP)" proposal. 2/06 Revision. The Health and Human Services Department does not support the
ASAP proposal and has its own Staff Recommendations based on common, proven techniques to reduce shelter
intake and euthanasia.
NEW 2/22/08 Austin City Council is to vote, Thurs., Feb. 28 on ordinance amendment providing anyone who
exchanges for consideration (doesn't have to be money) more than 15 dogs or cats in a year is a pet trader and
must meet the requirements in the document. Not for profit exchanges are not included to exclude rescues. This
will not exclude breeders. This ordinance first appeared at the AAC on Feb. 19 and has not been adequately
reviewed and includes a $50 "processing fee", mandatory microchip, disclosures and record retention, and more.
NEW 1/2/07 City of Georgetown enacted a new ordinance, effective 12/27/06 requiring $35 breeder permit, $250
pet store permit for pet sales, mandatory s/n on 2nd impound, mandatory microchip on impound or adoption.
VERMONT State Senator Ann Cummings (D-Washington County) firstname.lastname@example.org introduced SB 250
bill proposes to prohibit cropping a dog’s ears for cosmetic purposes or any purposes other than "therapeutic" as
defined. A violation would result in a civil fine unless the person has a prior violation or the cropping was
conducted by someone who is not a licensed veterinarian or was done without providing the dog with anesthesia,
in which case it would constitute cruelty under Vermont’s existing statute prohibiting mutilation. The bill does not
prohibit owning, harboring, selling, buying, or adopting a dog with cropped ears or showing a dog with cropped
ears in a dog show or competition. Senator Cummings is a former City Council member and Mayor of Montpelier
and a multi-term Senator elected with support of Emily's List helping pro-choice Democrats. She obtained a real
estate sales license in 2004 and is at Coldwell Banker Heney in Montpelier.
Hearing was held before the Senate Committee on Judiciary, Friday, January 20, 2006, and the bill was reported
favorably on January 31 with recommendation of amendment. S.250 as amended and passed by the Senate was
assigned the House Agriculture Committee and heard on March 15 but never voted.
UPDATED 5/24/06 The Vermont Legislature adjourned.
City of Tacoma City Council amendments to the existing ordinance Title 17, Ordinance No. 27558 passed its Final
Reading unanimously Tuesday, December 5, 2006. This amends Chapters 17.01 through 17.05 of the Municipal
Code relating to animal control, enacting uniform civil infraction penalties for violations and civil infraction
options for barking/animal noise violations, removing conflicts with state law and clarifying animal control
procedures. On Tuesday, December 12, a public hearing was held on additional Police Department proposed
changes to Title 17 including limit reductions, breeding permits, MSN on impound - no non-medical exceptions,
ban on livestock, poultry and dangerous dogs, new law for "problem owners" and new law on responsibilities of
owners. This agenda item was a sketchy conceptual policy proposal rather than a drafted ordinance from which
specific issues can be raised. The hearing ran from 5:37 p.m. to 7:46 p.m. City of Tacoma Animal Control
Updated 3/20/07 Public Safety and Human Services Committee on Thursday, March 22 at 5:00pm in Room 708 of
the Tacoma Municipal Building, 747 Market Street - Highlights & Contacts Proposal Amendments
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