State Statutes Regulating Pet Breeding                                    © The Animal Council 2013-2017
We are launching this page in April, 2013, to have an immediately available reference for state breeding regulation organized in
the ways we analyze, compare and discuss the underlying issues.  With this information, more details can be researched quickly
and updates added as appropriate.  Thirty (30) states, so far, meet our criteria.*   

When was the statute enacted?  This is not always obvious, but there are definite patterns or "styles"  at different historical
periods.  Are only dogs included or are cats, as well?  Sometimes, states only had "Dog Laws"; sometimes the "and cats effect"
took hold.   However, only a small, single-digit percentage of the cat population is intentionally bred by pedigreed cat fanciers.  
Because the husbandry of cat breeding and demand for pedigreed kittens is very different from dog breeding, applying the same
legal provisions can have different impact on cat breeders.  (Note: the overall cat population comes not from breeders but from
owned or loosely owned or feral cats in communities that are neither sterilized nor securely contained to prevent breeding.)  
Next, we must know the threshold of breeding or related activity required for inclusion in the statutory scheme.  These range
from breeding for the trade, a business model that limits costs and risks, to very small scale, personal breeding with many
variations in between.  Is a license required at all, at the state level or is there a local government mandate for issuing licenses
or other enforcement work?  Is there a state regulatory agency that will promulgate rules in addition to the statute?  What kind of
personnel and resources would it have to administer the licensing program?  Is there an advisory group provided in the
statute?  Typically, breeding regulation includes requirements for care and facilities, with or without licensing, and either by
statute or regulation or both.  

A recent trend, limited to dogs is capping the number of breeding females allowed, period.  Every year, some additional states
are in legislative play.  Some states have serially rejected bills, but others have succumbed quickly with little or no showing of
actual breeding activity.  This table includes only enacted laws, not legislation.  The laws fall roughly into these three categories:
 

  •  State Licensing: Dogs only or Dogs and Cats with administrative regulation and enforcement
  •  State Mandate of Local Licensing subject to state requirements
  •  State Mandate by Statute Only without licensing  

Note:  This topic includes breeding only, including other consequential provisions.

             

NEW  April 3, 2013          Updated 3/3/2017

                                                                   
STATE, CITATION
SPECIES
THRESHOLD
LICENSE
ADMINISTRATION
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Enacted 2008
D.C. Code § 8-1821.01  
Animals
For the purposes of this section, the
term "commercial animal breeder"
means any person, firm, organization,
or corporation engaged in the operation
of breeding and raising more than 25
animals per year for sale or in return for
consideration.
YES
Standards for the care and
management of animals; and Facility
inspection requirements.

Mayor to establish requirements.  
CALIFORNIA
1991
amended 2001

Note, CA Health & Safety Code
reorganization, 1995 SB 1360
did not change substantive
provisions of 1991 legislation
enacting these statutes.

CA HLTH & S §§ 122045 -
122315
DOGS ONLY









DOGS, CATS
 
Polanco-Lockyer Pet Breeder Warranty
Act, applies only to dogs sold,
transferred, or given away all or part of
three or more litters or 20 or more dogs
during the preceding 12 months that
were bred and reared on the premises.  
2001 AB 161 lowered from 50
dogs/calendar year, never amended in
the exclusion from:

Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet Protection Act
"pet dealer" means a person engaging
in the business of selling dogs or cats,
or both, at retail, and by virtue of the
sales of dogs and cats is required to
have Seller Permit to collect sales tax,
but excludes 1 litter and see above.  
Aimed at pet stores but does include
other sellers.  (Note, conflicting,
problematic issues with this statute
beyond scope of this listing.
NO
These 2 statutes are consumer
protection, disclosure and warranty laws
that contain some modest care and
facilities requirements and apply only to
those meeting thresholds.  Violations
are civil and must be prosecuted locally.

Polanco-Lockyer care and conditions
provisions, DOGS only.

Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet Protection Act
care and conditions provisions, DOGS
and CATS  
COLORADO
1994

CO ST § 35-80-101 to 17

2014
HB 1270 extended
sunset date to 9/1/2019
with amendments.
Revised Rules adopted.  
ANIMALS
DOGS, CATS,
BIRDS, SMALL
ANIMALS
“Dog breeder, small scale operation” or
“small scale operation dog breeder”
means a dog breeder that transfers

more than 24
at least twenty-five but
no more than ninety-nine dogs per
year.  Large scale transfers >100 dogs
per year.  Excludes racing Greyhounds.

“Feline hobby breeder facility” means
any facility that produces or transfers
no
more than twenty-four cats per year
or
breeds
no more than three litters per
year
YES
8 CO ADC 1201-11 - 25
Colorado Department of Agriculture,
Animal Industry Division, Pet Animal
Care and Facilities Act (PACFA)
program includes Pet Animal Advisory
Committee per statute
2013 Sunset Review
CONNECTICUT

CT ST § 22-327 -
§ 22-367a; CT ST
§ 26-107

6/3/2014 Governor signed
PA 14-77—sSB 445 -  
Summary  
Law is effective 10/1/2014  
DOGS ONLY  

CATS added 2014,
standards of care
only if a "breeding
cattery"  
  
If a town requires the licensure of
persons keeping ten or more
unneutered or unspayed dogs capable
of breeding
, such persons shall apply
to the clerk of the town in which such
dogs are located for a license.

PREVIOUS:  Owner or keeper of a
kennel who breeds more than two
litters of dogs annually shall apply to the
town clerk in the town in which such
kennel is located for a kennel licens
e

Also: § 22-344c. Licensure of breeding
facilities by towns.  If a town requires
the licensure of persons keeping ten or
more unneutered or unspayed dogs
capable of breeding, such persons
shall apply to the clerk of the town in
which such dogs are located for a
license (separate from actual
breeding.)
 1991
YES
Local government takes application but
State Commissioner of Agriculture has
jurisdiction over Animal Control (top
down model)  and issues license
(includes local zoning compliance).  
State statute, violation is class B
misdemeanor
Regulations of Connecticut State
Agencies. Title 22. Agriculture.
Department of Agriculture (16).
Operations and Maintenance of
Commercial Kennels
(1970)
facility conditions.  CT ADC § 22-344-1 -
15

Not later than December 31, 2014, the
Commissioner of Agriculture shall
prescribe the
standard of care to be
provided to dogs or cats
, as applicable,
by any person who: (1) Keeps ten or
more unneutered or unspayed dogs
capable of breeding
, or (2) owns or
operates a breeding cattery.
Such
standard of care shall be consistent
with the standard of care to be provided
by an animal importer, as prescribed
pursuant to subdivision (6) of
subsection (e) of section 22-344.
CT eRegulation system     new 7/17/15
DELAWARE
2009

Delaware Code Annotated,
Title 9. Counties. Part I.
Provisions Affecting All
Counties. Chapter 9. Dogs.
Subchapter I.
9 Del.C. § 901 - 919
DOGS  
“Retail dog outlet” shall mean any
premises where dogs are sold, or
offered or maintained for sale, on a
retail basis. The term
shall not include:
a. Dogs which are produced and raised
on such premises and are sold, offered
or maintained for sale, by a
person who
resides on such premises;
b. The selling of a single litter of
puppies or any part thereof during a

calendar year
; or
c. Any publicly operated or private,
charitable or nonprofit animal shelter,
pound, humane society, or animal
rescue organization.
YES
Statute mandates counties administer:  
Retail dog outlet licenses
§ 904. Specifications for the humane
handling, care and treatment of dogs

(Includes kennel licenses when
issued:  Any person who maintains a
kennel wherein more than 4 dogs are
kept for show, trial, sale, breeding or
other purposes may apply to the county
in which the kennel owner resides or its
duly authorized agents on a form
prescribed by the county for a kennel
license in lieu of an individual dog
owner license for each dog.)
GEORGIA

O.C.G.A. TITLE 4 Chapter
11
DOGS, CATS
MORE
Pet Dealer: anyone who sells, offers to
sell, or exchanges, or offers for
adoption dogs, cats, fish, reptiles, or
other animals customarily obtained as
pets in this state.  More than 1 litter in a
twelve month period, required to obtain
a pet dealer's license. (Statute is 30 but
Commissioner has authority to reduce
numbers.)  
YES
Georgia Animal Protection Act is
administered under regulations:
CHAPTER 40-13-13, ANIMAL
PROTECTION
Licensing, inspection, care and
conditions requirements.  

Note: No consumer protection law in GA.
Historical Reference: Dept of AG
Response to Comment re 1998
Rulemaking, Feb 1999  
ILLINOIS  

(225 ILCS 605/) Animal
Welfare Act.
DOGS, CATS
"A person who owns, has possession
of, or harbors 5 or less females
capable of reproduction shall NOT" be
considered a kennel/cattery operator.  
Otherwise, license is required if person
"sells, offers to sell, exchange, or offers
for adoption with or without charge dogs
or dogs and cats which he has
produced and raised"
YES
Illinois Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Animal Welfare
administers and enforces
licensing.  
TITLE 8: AGRICULTURE AND ANIMALS  
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE
SUBCHAPTER b: ANIMALS AND ANIMAL
PRODUCTS (EXCEPT MEAT AND POULTRY
INSPECTION ACT REGULATIONS) PART 25
ANIMAL WELFARE ACT
INDIANA
2009
Effective 1/1/10

IN ST 15-21-1-1 to
15-21-7-1
Indiana Code. Title 15.
Agriculture and Animals.
Article 21. Commercial Dog
Breeder Regulation  
DOGS ONLY
maintains more than twenty (20)
unaltered female dogs that are at least
twelve (12) months of age regardless of
ownership, or moving dogs to other
premises
YES
345 IN ADC 14-1-1 - 4
Indiana State Board of Animal Health.  
Must "register" to license.
Annual fee depends on Number of
Unaltered Female Dogs at Least 12
Months of Age.
Standards of care follow APHIS
9 CFR 3.1 to 3.12.
(No advisory body provided)
IOWA
1974

(AWA model)

IA ST § 162.1 - 25
DOGS, CATS
“Commercial breeder” means a
person, engaged in the business of
breeding dogs or cats, who sells,
exchanges, or leases dogs or cats in
return for consideration, or who offers to
do so, whether or not the animals are
raised, trained, groomed, or boarded by
the person. A person who owns or
harbors three or fewer breeding males
or females is not a commercial
breeder. However, a person who
breeds any number of breeding male or
female greyhounds for the purposes of
using them for pari-mutuel wagering at
a racetrack as provided in chapter 99D
shall be considered a commercial
breeder irrespective of whether the
person sells, leases, or exchanges the
greyhounds for consideration or offers
to do so.
By Regulation, special definition:67.2(3)
In-home kennel.
a. For the purposes of this subrule, “in-
home kennel” means an individual
required to be licensed as a boarding
kennel or as a commercial breeder
under Iowa Code chapter 162 who
maintains or harbors not more than six
adult animals (including both breeding
animals and surgically sterilized
animals) in the individual's living
quarters.
YES
Must be licensed under 162.2(A)
Department of Agriculture and Land
Stewardship  
Iowa Administrative Code. Agency 21
Agriculture and Land Stewardship
Department. Chapter 67 Animal Welfare.

21-67.1(162) Animals included in rules.

Dog, as that term is used in the rules,
includes hybrid dog mixtures. Animals,
as that term is used in rules relating to
boarding kennels, commercial kennels,
hobby kennels, commercial breeders,
dealers, public auctions, animal
shelters, and pounds includes dogs
and cats. Animals, as that term is used
in rules relating to pet shops, includes
dogs, cats, rabbits, rodents, nonhuman
primates, birds, fish, or other vertebrate
animals.
KANSAS
1988

KS ST 47-1701 - 1737

Article 17.- PET ANIMAL
ACT
ANIMALS
(DOGS/CATS)
“Animal breeder premises” means any
premises where all or part of
six or
more litters of dogs or cats, or both, or
30 or more dogs or cats, or both, are
sold, or offered
or maintained for sale,
primarily at wholesale for resale to
another.

“Hobby breeder premises” means any
premises where all or part of
3, 4 or 5
litters of dogs or cats, or both
, are
produced for sale or sold, offered or
maintained for sale. This provision
applies
only if the total number of dogs
or cats
, or both, sold, offered or
maintained for sale
is less than 30
individual animals.
YES
K.A.R. 9-18-1 - 3
Kansas Administrative Regulations.
Agency 9. Kansas Animal Health
Department Article 18. Animal Facility
Inspection Program-License and
Registration Fees



Department of Agriculture, Animal
Health Division
47-1725a. Kansas pet animal advisory
board; duties and powers
LOUISIANA
2010


Acts 2008, No. 894, §1
Acts 2010, No. 92, §1.
(2010 HB313  by
Representative Gary L.
Smith, Jr.)

Revised Statutes
3:2772

Reference revised 12/24/14
DOGS
ONLY

CAP: NO
MORE THAN 75 > 1
YR FOR BREEDING
Any individual or business with five or
more dogs and who breeds and sells
dogs retail, wholesale, or to the public
is required to procure a kennel license
and pay a kennel license fee in lieu of
the individual dog licenses and license
fees provided for herein. The governing
body of each municipality or parish may,
by ordinance, fix the sum to be paid
annually for the kennel license fee,
which sum shall be dedicated solely for
animal impoundment facilities and be a
minimum ... (fee scale minimums in
statute)
No individual or business that breeds,
buys, or sells dogs retail, wholesale, or
to the public shall maintain more than
seventy-five dogs over the age of one
year at any time for breeding purposes.
YES
Local government
MAINE
1991

7 M.R.S.A. § 3931-A, ME
ST T.7 § 3931-A
DOGS, CATS
The term “kennel” means one pack or
collection of dogs kept in a single
location under one ownership for
breeding, hunting, show, training, field
trials and exhibition purposes. The sale
or exchange of one litter of puppies
within a twelve month period shall not
be considered a kennel.
Breeding kennel. “Breeding kennel”
means a location where
5 or more
adult female
dogs or cats capable of
breeding are kept
and some or all of the
offspring are offered for sale, sold or
exchanged for value or a location where
more than 16 dogs or cats raised on
the premises are sold to the public in
a 12-month period
. “Breeding kennel”
does not include a kennel licensed by a
municipality under section 3923-C
when the dogs are kept primarily for
hunting, show, training, sledding,
competition, field trials or exhibition
purposes and not more than 16 dogs
are offered for sale, sold or exchanged
for value within a 12-month period.
YES
01-001 CMR Ch. 701, § I - IV
Department of Agriculture, Food and
Rural Resources licenses "kennels" as
defined, §3923-C. Kennel license,
different from
§ 3931-A. Breeding kennels





§3906-C. Animal Welfare Advisory
Council: advise the commissioner on
matters pertaining to animal welfare.  14
members appointed by the Governor,
designated seats
MARYLAND

MD CRIM LAW
§ 10-601 - 625;


Revised 3/3/2017
DOGS ONLY
10-616. Kennel inspection:  Authority to
inspect kennels to determine if dogs
are being treated inhumanely in
violation of this subtitle or other law, an
authorized director of a humane society,
accompanied by a sheriff or a deputy
sheriff, may inspect a premises:  
(i) where a person is engaged in the
business of buying, selling, trading, or
breeding dogs; or  
(ii) of a kennel where 25 or more dogs
are kept.
NO
Local government; In Baltimore
City, the Baltimore City Health
Department; Baltimore County, the
Baltimore County Department of
Health, Division of Animal Control
or an organization that the
Baltimore County government
approves  
MASSACHUSSETS

MA ST 140 § 136A - § 175
DOGS ONLY
“Commercial breeder kennel”, an
establishment, other than a personal
kennel, engaged in the business of
breeding animals for sale or exchange
to wholesalers, brokers or pet shops in
return for consideration.
“Personal kennel”, a pack or collection
of more than 4 dogs, 3 months old or
older, owned or kept under single
ownership, for private personal use;
provided, however, that breeding of
personally owned dogs may take place
for the purpose of improving, exhibiting
or showing the breed or for use in legal
sporting activity or for other personal
reasons; provided further, that selling,
trading, bartering or distributing such
breeding from a personal kennel shall
be to other breeders or individuals by
private sale only and not to
wholesalers, brokers or pet shops;
provided further, that a personal kennel
shall not sell, trade, barter or distribute
a dog not bred from its personally-
owned dog; and provided further, that
dogs temporarily housed at a personal
kennel, in conjunction with an animal
shelter or rescue registered with the
department, may be sold, traded,
bartered or distributed if the transfer is
not for profit.
YES
Local Government
MICHIGAN   
Act No. 392
Public Acts of 2016
Effective March 29, 2017
DOGS  
“Large-scale dog breeding kennel”
means a facility where more than 15
female intact dogs over the age of 4
months are housed or kept for the
primary purpose of breeding. As used
in this subdivision, “housed or kept for
the primary purpose of breeding”
means that the female dog has
previously been bred and whelped. A
female dog that has not previously
produced offspring shall not be
considered to have been housed or
kept for the primary purpose of breeding.
YES
State Department of Agriculture and
Rural Development to promulgate rules.
A person shall not operate a large-scale
dog breeding kennel unless the
large-scale dog breeding kennel is
registered with the department. The
department shall charge an annual fee
of $500.00 per registration of a
large-scale dog breeding kennel.
Dept Reporting Duties until 9/30/19
Large-Scale Dog Breeder Provisions
MINNESOTA
2014
Adds to Minnesota Statutes
Chapter 347 (Dogs and
Cats)

Effective July 1, 2014
DOGS, CATS  
A "commercial breeder" is defined "as a
person who possesses or has an
ownership interest in animals and is
engaged in the business of breeding
animals for sale or for exchange in
return for consideration, and who
possesses ten or more adult intact
animals
and whose animals produce
more than five total litters of puppies
or kittens a year
."
YES
Beginning July 1, 2015
Minnesota Board of Animal Health
•        Licenses for each facility
owned/operated  renewed &approved by
Board by July 1 annually: annual license
fee is $10 per adult intact animal, not to
exceed $250.
•        prominently display their license
number at facility and in ads.
•        Revocation: no reapplication for 2
yrs; 2 revocations OR suspensions,
permanent bar.  
Comply with standards of care.  Lic.
funds to Dog and Cat Breeders
Licensing Account for administration.
Board to maintain brdr list on website.
MISSOURI
1992

L. 1992 S.B. 636 § 1
Animal Care Facilities Act
ANIMALS

NOTE: 2010 Ballot
initiative capped
the number of dogs
that any person
could have for
breeding purposes
to 50.  DELETED
by legislation in
2011.  
"Commercial breeder", a person, other
than a hobby or show
breeder,
engaged in the business of breeding
animals for sale or for exchange in
return for a consideration, and who
harbors
more than three intact
females for the primary purpose of
breeding animals for sale
"Hobby or show breeder", a
noncommercial breeder who breeds
dogs or cats with the primary purpose
of exhibiting or showing dogs or cats,
improving the breed or selling the dogs
or cats, and having no more than ten
intact females. Such breeder shall be
classified as a hobby or show breeder if
such person only sells animals to other
breeders or to individuals

NOTE: Parallel AWA, APHIS regs
YES
State Department of Agriculture
2 Mo. Code of State Regulations
30-9.010 - 9.030

273.352. Advisory committee,
appointment, qualifications--duties to
assist in establishing rules--not to
receive compensation or
expenses--promulgation of rules--rules
invalid, when
There is hereby established an advisory
committee to assist the director in
establishing rules under sections
273.350 and 273.352 and to provide
ongoing review of the administration of
sections 273.325 to 273.357. The
members of the advisory committee
shall receive no compensation or
reimbursement for their expenses
incurred in the performance of their
duties. The advisory committee shall
consist of thirteen persons appointed by
the director as follows:
NEBRASKA
Amended 2010

NE ST § 14-102; § 15-218 -
220; § 16-206; 16-235; §
17-526, 17-547; §
25-21,236; § 37-525; §
37-705; § 54-601 - 616; §
54-617 - 624; § 54-625 -
650; § 71-4401 - 4412
DOGS, CATS
Commercial breeder means any one of
the following:
•A person who sells, exchanges,
leases, or in any way transfers 31 or
more dogs or cats in a 12 month period;
•A person engaged in the business of
breeding dogs or cats who owns or
harbors 4 or more dogs or cats,
intended for breeding, in a 12 month
period;
•A person whose dogs or cats produce
a total of 4 or more litters within a 12-
month period; or
•A person who knowingly sells,
exchanges, or leases dogs or cats for
later retail sale or brokered trading
YES
Nebraska Administrative Code.
Agriculture, Department of. Title 23:
Bureau of Animal Industry. Chapter 18 -
Commercial Dog and Cat Operator
Inspection Regulations
NEVADA
1993

Nevada Revised Statutes,
CHAPTER 574 - CRUELTY
TO ANIMALS:
PREVENTION AND
PENALTIES
DOGS, CATS
“Breeder” defined.  “Breeder” means a
dealer, operator or other person who is
responsible for the operation of a
commercial establishment engaged in
the business of breeding dogs or cats
for sale or trade. The term does not
include a person who breeds dogs or
cats as a hobby.
Commercial (cattery or kennel): 10 >6
mos, NOT including any s/n  
YES
Local jurisdictions shall enact
ordinances requiring each breeder
to obtain an annual permit to act
as a breeder.  
Statutory facilities,
care, etc.  Prohibited Acts.  
NEW HAMPSHIRE

Citation: NH ST § 466:1 -
466:54; 47:17; 207:11 -
207:13b; 210:18; 264:31;
436:99 - 436:109; 437:1 -
2437:2; 437-A:1 - 9;
508:18-a
DOGS




CATS  
“Commercial kennel” means any
person, business, corporation, or other
entity that transfers 10 or more litters or
50 or more puppies in any 12-month
period.

437:1 License Required.
No person, firm, corporation or other
entity shall engage in the business of
transferring with or without a fee or
donation required, to the public, l
ive
animals or birds customarily used as
household pets
unless the premises
on which they are housed, harbored or
displayed for such purposes are duly
licensed and inspected by the
department of agriculture, markets, and
food of the state of New Hampshire.
This section shall also apply to
commercial kennels and to any person,
firm, corporation, or other entity
engaged in the business of, including
activity as a broker, transferring live
animals or birds customarily used as
household pets for transfer to the
public, with or without a fee required,
and whether or not a physical facility is
owned by the licensee in New
Hampshire when transfer to the final
owner occurs within New Hampshire.
These provisions shall not effect the
provisions of RSA 437:7.
YES
Department of Agriculture,
Markets, and Food, Division of
Animal Industry

Commercial Kennel Application

(Chapter 437, Chapter 437. Sale
of Pets and Disposition of
Unclaimed Animals.  Sale of
Animals and Birds)
NEW JERSEY
New Jersey Code
TITLE 4 - AGRICULTURE
AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS
DOGS   
N.J.S.A. 4:19-15.8 (a), operators of
kennels, pet shops, shelters and
pounds (animal facilities) must apply
annually to the municipality for a
license, and each license issued shall
expire on June 30th of each year.  
Kennels are defined as, “any
establishment wherein or whereupon
the business of boarding or selling
dogs or breeding dogs for sale is
carried on, except for a pet shop.”
YES
Factors in municipal determination if
breeding kennel operation is a
business: regular and purposeful
breeding; routine sale of dogs or
puppies to the public; signs, websites,
and advertisements; having a business
name and tax identification number; and
separate kennel-type housing for the
dogs, as opposed to pets living in the
owner’s home.
Guidelines for Municipal Licensure of
Animal Facilities
NJ v Weitz - explanation of law
NEW YORK  
2001

Agriculture & Markets Law,
Article 26-A

2014  
Bill A00740A signed by
Governor 1/10/14
DOGS, CATS  
Any person who engages in the sale or
offers to sell more than nine (9) dogs
and/or cats per year to the public
or
Any person who engages in the sale of
more than twenty five (25) dogs and/or
cats, (born and raised on their premise)
per year to the public.

2014 - added Section
753-d to General
Business Law
Municipalities cannot restrict local
enforcement of Art 26-A
; but can enact
more restrictive laws
but not to
"essentially result  in the  banning  of  
all  sales  of dogs or cats raised and
maintained in a healthy and safe
manner" and penalty limited to civil fine
not more than $500.00.  
YES
New York State Department of
Agriculture & Markets Division of Animal
Industry
http://www.agriculture.ny.gov/AI/small_animals.
html

Pet Dealer Licensing Program
Guidelines, March 2013  
NORTH CAROLINA
1977

North Carolina General
Statutes
Chapter 19A. Protection of
Animals.  Article 3. Animal
Welfare Act.
DOGS, CATS
"Dealer" means any person who sells,
exchanges, or donates, or offers to sell,
exchange, or donate animals to another
dealer, pet shop, or research facility;
provided, however, that an individual
who breeds and raises on his own
premises
no more than the offspring
of five canine or feline females per
year, unless bred and raised
specifically for research purposes
shall not be considered to be a dealer
for the purposes of this Article.
YES
NC Animal Welfare Administrative Code,
SUBCHAPTER 52J ‑ ANIMAL WELFARE
SECTION
Currently no materials for Dealers.  
OHIO
2012

Sub. S. B. No. 130
DOGS
ONLY
"High volume breeder" means an
establishment that keeps, houses, and
maintains adult breeding dogs that
produce
at least nine litters of puppies
in any given
calendar year and, in
return for a fee or other consideration,
sells sixty or more adult dogs or
puppies per calendar year.
 "Breeding
dog" means an unneutered, unspayed
dog that is primarily harbored or
housed on property that is the dog's
primary residence
.

Statute includes a unique, specific
definition of
rescue and requires dog
rescues to
register, report information
on foster homes used.    
YES
Sec. 956.03. The director of agriculture
shall adopt rules in accordance with
Chapter 119. of the Revised Code
establishing all of the following: (A)
Requirements and procedures
governing high volume breeders,
including the licensing and inspection of
and record keeping by high volume
breeders, in addition to the
requirements and procedures
established in this chapter.  956.17
creates Commercial Dog Breeding
Advisory Board: State Vet + 6
designated, Gov appted
w/advise/Consent of Senate.  
OKLAHOMA
2010
Amended 2012

Oklahoma Statutes
Annotated. Title 4. Animals.
Chapter 1A. Commercial
Pet Breeders Act of 2012
DOGS, CATS
“Commercial breeder” and “commercial
pet breeder” mean any individual, entity,
association, trust, or corporation who
possesses
eleven or more intact
female animals
for the use of breeding
or dealing in animals for direct or
indirect sale or for exchange in return
for consideration.

“Noncommercial breeder” means any
individual, entity, association, trust, or
corporation who possesses t
en or
fewer intact female animals
for the
use of breeding or dealing in animals
for direct or indirect sale or for exchange
in return for consideration;

Note: intact female animal twelve (12)
months of age or older
YES:
COMMERCIAL PET
BREEDERS
State Board of Agriculture (previously,
the Act was under the authority of the
State Board of Veterinary Medical
Examiners, Board of Commercial Pet
Breeders, in Title 59.)
OREGON
2009
Effective 1/1/10

OR ST 167.310 - 390
http://www.leg.state.or.us/or
s/167.html
DOGS
ONLY
Cap: No more than
50 dogs, >2yrs old
Dog Breeder "possesses, controls or
otherwise has charge of 50 or more
sexually intact dogs that are eight
months of age or older: requirements
http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/167.374
"Dog Breeders"  standards of care:
http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/167.376
NO
State Statute Only, violations are
Class B Misdemeanors
PENNSYLVANIA
1982

AMENDED 2008

Purdon's Pennsylvania
Statutes and Consolidated
Statutes. Title 3.
Agriculture. Chapter 8.
Dogs. Dog Law
DOGS ONLY
"commercial kennel" is a kennel that
breeds or whelps dogs and; (1) sells or
transfers any dog to a dealer or pet
shop kennel; or (2) sells or transfers
more than 60 dogs per calendar year.
YES
Secretary of Agriculture via Dog
Wardens
§ 459-901. Enforcement of this act by
the secretary; provisions for inspections
c) Advisory board.--
]The secretary shall appoint a Dog Law
Advisory Board to advise the secretary in
the administration of this act. The board
shall consist of the following, who shall
either be a resident of this
Commonwealth or an organization of
this Commonwealth
RHODE ISLAND

West's General Laws of
Rhode Island Annotated.
Title 4. Animals and Animal
Husbandry.

CHAPTER 4-19. Animal
Care







Revised 2/27/17
DOGS, CATS
“Dealer” means any person who sells,
exchanges, or donates, or offers to sell,
exchange, or donate animals to another
dealer, pet shop, or research facility, or
who breeds dogs and/or cats for the
purpose of selling or donating to
another dealer or pet shop, or research
facilit
y.  (AWA model)
“Breeder” means a person engaged in
the propagation of purebred dogs
and/or cats for the purpose of improving
and enhancing a breed recognized and
registered by the American kennel club,
American field stud book, or a
registered cat breed association.  
“Hobby breeder” those persons whose
regular occupation is not the breeding
and raising of dogs and cats and
whose method of sale is at retail only. A
hobby breeder
shall not exceed the
limits set forth in § 4-25-1(4)
.  Any
person who sells at retail a number in
excess of the limits in the
aforementioned section shall be
considered a pet shop.
§ 4-19-2 (23)
"Pet shop" means a temporary or
permanent establishment where
animals are bought, sold, exchanged,
or offered for sale or exchange to the
general public at retail.
This shall not
include an establishment or person
whose total sales are the offspring of
canine or feline females maintained
on their premises and sold from those
premises and does not exceed the
limits set forth in § 4-25-1(4).
YES
No person shall be a dealer, as defined
in this chapter, after the first day of the
fiscal year unless a license to deal has
been granted by the director to that
person.

Administered by Department of
Environmental Management
Rulemaking authority and authority to
adopt AWA standards

(Note: dogs-only warranty statute, no
care provisions:
“Seller” means any person, business or
other entity engaging in the sale of
dogs, except that this definition does not
encompass the sale of dogs on the
premises of and by a public shelter,
pound or other entity operating as a
nonprofit organization pursuant to
Rhode Island law. § 4-25-1(4) Persons
selling fewer than twenty (20) dogs or
three (3) litters, whichever is greater, in
a single calendar year shall be exempt
from the provisions of this chapter.
SOUTH DAKOTA
2006 HB 1181
South Dakota Statutes
Chapter 40-1-41
DOGS, CATS
Inspection of commercial breeding
operation for dogs and cats
. A
veterinarian licensed in the State of
South Dakota shall be in attendance
during any portion of an investigation of
a commercial breeding operation that is
conducted on the premises of the
commercial breeding operation. For
purposes of this section the term,
commercial breeding operation,
means
any person engaged in the
business of breeding dogs or cats
who sells, exchanges, or leases dogs
or cats in return for consideration or
who offers to do so
, whether or not the
dogs or cats are bred, raised, trained,
groomed, or boarded by the person. Any
person who
owns or harbors three or
fewer unaltered dogs or cats for
breeding purposes that are at least
six months of age is not
a commercial
breeding operation. Any person who

sells, exchanges, or leases thirty or
fewer dogs or cats in a twelve-month
period is not a commercial breeding
operation if all such dogs or cats are
sold, exchanged, or leased to a final
owner
rather than for later retail sale or
brokered trading. Any person
knowingly
selling, exchanging, or leasing any
dogs or cats for later retail sale or for
brokered trading is a commercial
breeding operation.
NO
 
TENNESSEE
2009
SUNSET PROVISION  
6/30/2014
TN ST § 44-17-701 - 715,
T. C. A. § 44-17-701 - 715
Commercial Breeder Act

HB 2285/SB2468: As
introduced, deletes the
provision that terminates the
Commercial Breeder Act on
June 30, 2014. - Amends
Chapter 591 of the Public Acts
of 200.  These bills have failed.  
Fiscal Note
DOGS, CATS  
“Commercial breeder” means any
person who possesses or maintains,
under the person’s immediate control,
t
wenty (20) or more unsterilized adult
female dogs or cats in this state
for
the
purpose of selling the offspring as
companion animals
YES
TN ADC 1200-33-01-.01 - .09
Commercial Breeders Regulations,
statute expired.
Comparison of Actual and Estimated Fiscal
Note Impacts Presentation to Fiscal Review
Committee 9/18/12  
Entire Report  
See pages 8-10

NOTE:  Tennessee Statutes, Title 44,
Animals And Animal Husbandry   
Chapter 17  Dogs and Cats . Part 1  
Dog
and Cat Dealers covers narrow
definitions of "Dealers who must be
annually licensed and subject to
regulations.  These involve only buys,
sells, transports or delivers to research;
buys or sells twenty-five (25) or more
dogs or cats in any one (1) calendar
year for resale; or buys or sells at flea
markets.  
TEXAS
2011

Occupations Code, Title 4.
Professions Related to
Animals
Chapter 802
DOGS, CATS
"Dog or cat breeder" means a person
who possesses 11 or more adult intact
female animals and is engaged in the
business of breeding those animals for
direct or indirect sale or for exchange in
return for consideration and who sells
or exchanges, or offers to sell or
exchange, not fewer than 20 animals in
a calendar year.  
YES
Administered by Texas Department of
Licensing and Regulation
Care, conditions, more.  
VERMONT
1989

20 V.S.A. § 3511 - 3513;
3541 - 3817, 3901 - 3915,
4301 - 4304; 10 V.S.A.§
5001 - 5007, § 4748


2013 Act No. 30 An act
relating to the sale,
transfer, or importation of
pets.

Effective July 1, 2013
DOGS, CATS & MORE

When applicable:
"animals" or for kennel
permit: domestic pets
or wolf hybrids 4
months or older kept
for breeding purposes
Amendment details, effective 7/1/13:
“Pet dealer” means any person who
sells or exchanges or who
offers to sell
or exchange
cats, dogs, or wolf-
hybrids, or any combination thereof,
from
three or more litters of cats, dogs,
or wolf-hybrids
in any 12-month period.
This definition shall not apply to pet
shops, animal shelters, or rescue
organizations as those terms are
defined in section 3901 of this title.  
Pet Dealer applies to the municipal
clerk in local jurisdiction where covered
animals are kept for a
Pet Dealer
Permit;
 $25; shall allow inspections
(scheduled in advance) of the pet
dealer’s premises pursuant to section
3682 of this title as a condition of
receiving and retaining the permit;
expires March 31; on residential
premises, inspection limited to animal
care areas; photo/video only on written
consent of permit holder

PREVIOUS PROVISIONS,
SUPERSEDED BY ABOVE:
"Pet dealer" means any person, firm,
partnership or corporation, or a
representative or agent, who engages in
the
sale of more than one litter of
animals per year or two or more
animals over six months of age to

consumers for monetary consideration.
Breeders of animals who sell animals
to the public are included
in this
definition; except that duly incorporated
humane societies or animal shelters
which make animals available for
adoption are exempt.  
Kennel Permit required:
owner or keeper of two or more
domestic pets or wolf-hybrids four
months of age or older kept for sale or
for breeding purposes, except for his
or her own use
, shall apply to the
municipal clerk of the town or city in
which the domestic pets or wolf-hybrids
are kept for a kennel permit
YES
Local administration of kennel permits,
subject to Vermont Administrative Code.
Title 2. Department of Agriculture.
Subtitle 4. Division of Food Safety and
Consumer Protection. Animal Health
Section. Rule 300. Animal Welfare
Regulations, including Part 3.
Standards Subpart A. Specifications for
Handling, Care, Treatment, and
Transportation of Dogs and Cats.
VIRGINIA  
2008
Effective 1/1/09

VA ST § 3.2-5900 - 6590; §
29.1-516.1
DOGS ONLY
CAP:
No more than 50, >
1 yr for breeding
purposes
“Commercial dog breeder” means any
person who, during any
12-month
period, maintains 30 or more adult
female dogs for the primary purpose

of the sale of their offspring as
companion animals.
Maintain no more than 50 dogs over the
age of one year at any time for breeding
purposes. However, a higher number of
dogs may be allowed if approved by
local ordinance after a public hearing.
Any such ordinance may include
additional requirements for commercial
breeding operations State Vet or local
animal control inspects.  
YES
LOCAL - § 3.2-6507.1. Business license
required
No commercial dog breeder shall breed
dogs in the Commonwealth without a
valid business license issued by any
locality, as applicable, where he
maintains dogs for the purpose of
commercial dog breeding.

Violation of state statute, Class 1
Misdemeanor
Inspection & duty to assist inspector any
time during daylight hours.
WASHINGTON
2009
Effective 1/1/10

WA ST 16.52.010 - 320
DOGS
ONLY

CAP: No more than
50 intact, > 6 mos.  
"Any person who owns, possesses,
controls, or otherwise has charge or
custody of
more than ten dogs with
intact sexual organs over the age of
six months and keeps the dogs in an
enclosure for the majority of the day

must at a minimum..." meet
requirements and standards.
NO
State statute only, violations are
gross misdemeanors
WEST VIRGINIA
2013
Effective 7/13/13
SB 437 completed 4/12/13,
signed by Governor, 5/3/13

Code of West Virginia
adds new §19-20-26
Commercial dog-breeding
operations.
DOGS ONLY
"Commercial dog breeder" maintains
eleven or more unsterilized dogs over
the age of one year for the exclusive
purpose of actively breeding and  is
engaged in the business of breeding
dogs as household pets for direct or
indirect sale or for exchange in return
for consideration; and shall not include:
(i) Any person who keeps or breeds
dogs exclusively for the purpose of
herding or guarding livestock or farm
animals, hunting, tracking or exhibiting
in dog shows, performance events or
field and obedience trials; and
(ii) With respect to greyhound dogs only,
any person who holds an occupational
permit from, and has registered a
greyhound kennel name with, the West
Virginia Racing Commission.
Class 1 - 11-30 unsterilized dogs > 1 yr
old
Class 2 - over 30 unsterilized dogs > 1
yr old
Yes
LOCAL
Specified
local business
cert.; business license
and local annual
permit to operate
Local license fees limited by statute:
Class 1, not > $250
Class 2, not > $500
Statute includes care, conditions and
facilities requirements.  
Violations are misdemeanors, fine not
over $1,000.  Judicial discretion:
"improvement" period up to 1 yr,
possible dismissal of charges.  
WISCONSIN
2009

2009 Act 90, § 3, eff. Dec.
16, 2009
DOGS ONLY
c) "Dog breeder" means a person who
sells 25 or more dogs in a year that the
person has bred and raised, except that
"dog breeder" does not include a
person who sells 25 or more dogs in a
year that the person has bred and
raised if all of those dogs are from no
more than 3 litters.

(d) "Dog breeding facility" means a
place at which dogs are bred and
raised and from which 25 or more dogs
are sold in a year, except that "dog
breeding facility" does not include a
place at which dogs are bred and
raised and from which 25 or more dogs
are sold in a year if all of the dogs that
are sold in a year are from no more
than 3 litters.
YES
Department of Agriculture, Trade
and Consumer Protection.
.