State Statutes Regulating Pet Breeding                                    © The Animal Council 2013-2017
We are launching this page in April, 2013, to have an immediately available reference for state breeding
regulation organized in the ways we analyze, compare and discuss the underlying issues.  With this
information, more details can be researched quickly and updates added as appropriate.  Thirty (30) states, so
far, meet our criteria.*   

When was the statute enacted?  This is not always obvious, but there are definite patterns or "styles"  at
different historical periods.  Are only dogs included or are cats, as well?  Sometimes, states only had "Dog
Laws"; sometimes the "and cats effect" took hold.   However, only a small, single-digit percentage of the cat
population is intentionally bred by pedigreed cat fanciers.  Because the husbandry of cat breeding and
demand for pedigreed kittens is very different from dog breeding, applying the same legal provisions can
have different impact on cat breeders.  (Note: the overall cat population comes not from breeders but from
owned or loosely owned or feral cats in communities that are neither sterilized nor securely contained to
prevent breeding.)  
Next, we must know the threshold of breeding or related activity required for inclusion in the statutory
scheme.  These range from breeding for the trade, a business model that limits costs and risks, to very small
scale, personal breeding with many variations in between.  Is a license required at all, at the state level or is
there a local government mandate for issuing licenses or other enforcement work?  Is there a state regulatory
agency that will promulgate rules in addition to the statute?  What kind of personnel and resources would it
have to administer the licensing program?  Is there an advisory group provided in the statute?  Typically,
breeding regulation includes requirements for care and facilities, with or without licensing, and either by
statute or regulation or both.  

A recent trend, limited to dogs is capping the number of breeding females allowed, period.  Every year, some
additional states are in legislative play.  Some states have serially rejected bills, but others have succumbed
quickly with little or no showing of actual breeding activity.  This table includes only enacted laws, not
legislation.  The laws fall roughly into these three categories:
 

  •  State Licensing: Dogs only or Dogs and Cats with administrative regulation and enforcement
  •  State Mandate of Local Licensing subject to state requirements
  •  State Mandate by Statute Only without licensing  

Note:  This topic includes breeding only, including other consequential provisions.

                

NEW  April 3, 2013          Updated 2/4/2017

                                                                      
STATE, CITATION
SPECIES
THRESHOLD
LICENSE
ADMINISTRATION
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Enacted 2008
D.C. Code § 8-1821.01  
Animals
For the purposes of this section,
the term "commercial animal
breeder" means any person, firm,
organization, or corporation
engaged in the operation of
breeding and raising more than 25
animals per year for sale or in
return for consideration.
YES
Standards for the care and
management of animals; and Facility
inspection requirements.

Mayor to establish requirements.  
CALIFORNIA
1991
amended 2001

Note, CA Health & Safety
Code reorganization, 1995 SB
1360 did not change
substantive provisions of
1991 legislation enacting
these statutes.

CA HLTH & S §§ 122045 -
122315
DOGS ONLY









DOGS, CATS
 
Polanco-Lockyer Pet Breeder
Warranty Act, applies only to dogs
sold, transferred, or given away all
or part of three or more litters or 20
or more dogs during the preceding
12 months that were bred and
reared on the premises.  2001 AB
161 lowered from 50
dogs/calendar year, never
amended in the exclusion from:

Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet
Protection Act "pet dealer" means
a person engaging in the
business of selling dogs or cats,
or both, at retail, and by virtue of
the sales of dogs and cats is
required to have Seller Permit to
collect sales tax, but excludes 1
litter and see above.  Aimed at pet
stores but does include other
sellers.  (Note, conflicting,
problematic issues with this
statute beyond scope of this listing.
NO
These 2 statutes are consumer
protection, disclosure and warranty
laws that contain some modest care
and facilities requirements and apply
only to those meeting thresholds.  
Violations are civil and must be
prosecuted locally.

Polanco-Lockyer care and conditions
provisions, DOGS only.

Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet Protection
Act care and conditions provisions,
DOGS and CATS  
COLORADO
1994

CO ST § 35-80-101 to 17

2014
HB 1270 extended
sunset date to 9/1/2019
with amendments.
Revised Rules adopted.  
ANIMALS
DOGS, CATS,
BIRDS, SMALL
ANIMALS
“Dog breeder, small scale
operation” or “small scale
operation dog breeder” means a
dog breeder that transfers
more
than 24
at least twenty-five but no
more than ninety-nine dogs per
year.  Large scale transfers >100
dogs per year.  Excludes racing
Greyhounds.

“Feline hobby breeder facility”
means any facility that produces or
transfers
no more than twenty-
four cats per year
or breeds no
more than three litters per year
YES
8 CO ADC 1201-11 - 25
Colorado Department of Agriculture,
Animal Industry Division, Pet Animal
Care and Facilities Act (PACFA)
program includes Pet Animal Advisory
Committee per statute
2013 Sunset Review
CONNECTICUT

CT ST § 22-327 -
§ 22-367a; CT ST
§ 26-107

6/3/2014 Governor
signed
PA 14-77—sSB
445 -  
Summary  
Law is effective
10/1/2014  
DOGS ONLY  

CATS added 2014,
standards of care
only if a "breeding
cattery"  
  
If a town requires the licensure of
persons keeping ten or more
unneutered or unspayed dogs
capable of breeding
, such
persons shall apply to the clerk of
the town in which such dogs are
located for a license.

PREVIOUS:  Owner or keeper of a
kennel who breeds more than two
litters of dogs annually shall apply
to the town clerk in the town in
which such kennel is located for a
kennel licens
e

Also: § 22-344c. Licensure of
breeding facilities by towns.  If a
town requires the licensure of
persons keeping ten or more
unneutered or unspayed dogs
capable of breeding, such
persons shall apply to the clerk of
the town in which such dogs are
located for a license (separate
from actual breeding.)
 1991
YES
Local government takes application
but State Commissioner of Agriculture
has jurisdiction over Animal Control
(top down model)  and issues license
(includes local zoning compliance).  
State statute, violation is class B
misdemeanor
Regulations of Connecticut State
Agencies. Title 22. Agriculture.
Department of Agriculture (16).
Operations and Maintenance of
Commercial Kennels
(1970)
facility conditions.  CT ADC § 22-344-1
- 15

Not later than December 31, 2014,
the Commissioner of Agriculture shall
prescribe the
standard of care to be
provided to dogs or cats
, as
applicable,
by any person who: (1)
Keeps ten or more unneutered or
unspayed dogs capable of breeding
,
or (2)
owns or operates a breeding
cattery.
Such standard of care shall
be consistent with the standard of care
to be provided by an animal importer,
as prescribed pursuant to subdivision
(6) of subsection (e) of section 22-344.
CT eRegulation system     new 7/17/15
DELAWARE
2009

Delaware Code
Annotated, Title 9.
Counties. Part I.
Provisions Affecting All
Counties. Chapter 9.
Dogs. Subchapter I.
9 Del.C. § 901 - 919
DOGS  
“Retail dog outlet” shall mean any
premises where dogs are sold, or
offered or maintained for sale, on
a retail basis. The term
shall not
include:
a. Dogs which are produced and
raised on such premises and are
sold, offered or maintained for
sale, by a
person who resides on
such premises;
b. The selling of a single litter of
puppies or any part thereof during
a
calendar year; or
c. Any publicly operated or private,
charitable or nonprofit animal
shelter, pound, humane society, or
animal rescue organization.
YES
Statute mandates counties
administer:  
Retail dog outlet licenses
§ 904. Specifications for the humane
handling, care and treatment of dogs

(Includes kennel licenses when
issued:  Any person who maintains a
kennel wherein more than 4 dogs are
kept for show, trial, sale, breeding or
other purposes may apply to the
county in which the kennel owner
resides or its duly authorized agents
on a form prescribed by the county for
a kennel license in lieu of an individual
dog owner license for each dog.)
GEORGIA

O.C.G.A. TITLE 4
Chapter 11
DOGS, CATS
MORE
Pet Dealer: anyone who sells,
offers to sell, or exchanges, or
offers for adoption dogs, cats, fish,
reptiles, or other animals
customarily obtained as pets in
this state.  More than 1 litter in a
twelve month period, required to
obtain a pet dealer's license.
(Statute is 30 but Commissioner
has authority to reduce numbers.)  
YES
Georgia Animal Protection Act is
administered under regulations:
CHAPTER 40-13-13, ANIMAL
PROTECTION
Licensing, inspection, care and
conditions requirements.  

Note: No consumer protection law in
GA.
Historical Reference: Dept of AG
Response to Comment re 1998
Rulemaking, Feb 1999  
ILLINOIS  

(225 ILCS 605/) Animal
Welfare Act.
DOGS, CATS
"A person who owns, has
possession of, or harbors 5 or
less females capable of
reproduction shall NOT" be
considered a kennel/cattery
operator.  Otherwise, license is
required if person "sells, offers to
sell, exchange, or offers for
adoption with or without charge
dogs or dogs and cats which he
has produced and raised"
YES
Illinois Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Animal Welfare
administers and enforces
licensing.  
TITLE 8: AGRICULTURE AND ANIMALS  
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE
SUBCHAPTER b: ANIMALS AND ANIMAL
PRODUCTS (EXCEPT MEAT AND
POULTRY INSPECTION ACT
REGULATIONS) PART 25 ANIMAL
WELFARE ACT
INDIANA
2009
Effective 1/1/10

IN ST 15-21-1-1 to
15-21-7-1
Indiana Code. Title 15.
Agriculture and Animals.
Article 21. Commercial
Dog Breeder Regulation  
DOGS ONLY
maintains more than twenty (20)
unaltered female dogs that are at
least twelve (12) months of age
regardless of ownership, or
moving dogs to other premises
YES
345 IN ADC 14-1-1 - 4
Indiana State Board of Animal Health.  
Must "register" to license.
Annual fee depends on Number of
Unaltered Female Dogs at Least 12
Months of Age.
Standards of care follow APHIS
9 CFR 3.1 to 3.12.
(No advisory body provided)
IOWA
1974

(AWA model)

IA ST § 162.1 - 25
DOGS, CATS
“Commercial breeder” means a
person, engaged in the business
of breeding dogs or cats, who
sells, exchanges, or leases dogs
or cats in return for consideration,
or who offers to do so, whether or
not the animals are raised,
trained, groomed, or boarded by
the person. A person who owns or
harbors three or fewer breeding
males or females is not a
commercial breeder. However, a
person who breeds any number of
breeding male or female
greyhounds for the purposes of
using them for pari-mutuel
wagering at a racetrack as
provided in chapter 99D shall be
considered a commercial breeder
irrespective of whether the person
sells, leases, or exchanges the
greyhounds for consideration or
offers to do so.
By Regulation, special definition:
67.2(3) In-home kennel.
a. For the purposes of this
subrule, “in-home kennel” means
an individual required to be
licensed as a boarding kennel or
as a commercial breeder under
Iowa Code chapter 162 who
maintains or harbors not more
than six adult animals (including
both breeding animals and
surgically sterilized animals) in the
individual's living quarters.
YES
Must be licensed under 162.2(A)
Department of Agriculture and Land
Stewardship  
Iowa Administrative Code. Agency 21
Agriculture and Land Stewardship
Department. Chapter 67 Animal
Welfare.

21-67.1(162) Animals included in
rules.

Dog, as that term is used in the rules,
includes hybrid dog mixtures. Animals,
as that term is used in rules relating to
boarding kennels, commercial
kennels, hobby kennels, commercial
breeders, dealers, public auctions,
animal shelters, and pounds includes
dogs and cats. Animals, as that term
is used in rules relating to pet shops,
includes dogs, cats, rabbits, rodents,
nonhuman primates, birds, fish, or
other vertebrate animals.
KANSAS
1988

KS ST 47-1701 - 1737

Article 17.- PET ANIMAL
ACT
ANIMALS
(DOGS/CATS)
“Animal breeder premises” means
any premises where all or part of
six or more litters of dogs or
cats, or both, or 30 or more dogs
or cats, or both, are sold, or
offered
or maintained for sale,
primarily at wholesale for resale to
another.

“Hobby breeder premises” means
any premises where all or part of
3, 4 or 5 litters of dogs or cats, or
both
, are produced for sale or
sold, offered or maintained for
sale. This provision applies
only if
the total number of dogs or cats
,
or both, sold, offered or
maintained for sale
is less than
30 individual animals.
YES
K.A.R. 9-18-1 - 3
Kansas Administrative Regulations.
Agency 9. Kansas Animal Health
Department Article 18. Animal Facility
Inspection Program-License and
Registration Fees



Department of Agriculture, Animal
Health Division
47-1725a. Kansas pet animal advisory
board; duties and powers
LOUISIANA
2010


Acts 2008, No. 894, §1
Acts 2010, No. 92, §1.
(2010 HB313  by
Representative Gary L.
Smith, Jr.)

Revised Statutes
3:2772

Reference revised 12/24/14
DOGS
ONLY

CAP: NO
MORE THAN 75 > 1
YR FOR BREEDING
Any individual or business with five
or more dogs and who breeds and
sells dogs retail, wholesale, or to
the public is required to procure a
kennel license and pay a kennel
license fee in lieu of the individual
dog licenses and license fees
provided for herein. The governing
body of each municipality or parish
may, by ordinance, fix the sum to
be paid annually for the kennel
license fee, which sum shall be
dedicated solely for animal
impoundment facilities and be a
minimum ... (fee scale minimums
in statute)
No individual or business that
breeds, buys, or sells dogs retail,
wholesale, or to the public shall
maintain more than seventy-five
dogs over the age of one year at
any time for breeding purposes.
YES
Local government
MAINE
1991

7 M.R.S.A. § 3931-A, ME
ST T.7 § 3931-A
DOGS, CATS
The term “kennel” means one
pack or collection of dogs kept in a
single location under one
ownership for breeding, hunting,
show, training, field trials and
exhibition purposes. The sale or
exchange of one litter of puppies
within a twelve month period shall
not be considered a kennel.
Breeding kennel. “Breeding
kennel” means a location where
5
or more adult female
dogs or cats
capable of breeding are kept
and
some or all of the
offspring are
offered
for sale, sold or
exchanged for value or a location
where
more than 16 dogs or cats
raised on the premises are sold
to the public in a 12-month
period
. “Breeding kennel” does
not include a kennel licensed by a
municipality under section 3923-C
when the dogs are kept primarily
for hunting, show, training,
sledding, competition, field trials
or exhibition purposes and not
more than 16 dogs are offered for
sale, sold or exchanged for value
within a 12-month period.
YES
01-001 CMR Ch. 701, § I - IV
Department of Agriculture, Food and
Rural Resources licenses "kennels"
as defined, §3923-C. Kennel license,
different from
§ 3931-A. Breeding kennels





§3906-C. Animal Welfare Advisory
Council: advise the commissioner on
matters pertaining to animal welfare.  
14 members appointed by the
Governor, designated seats
MARYLAND

MD CRIM LAW § 10-601 -
623; MD CRIM LAW §
3-322


UPDATE PENDING
DOGS ONLY
Authority to inspect kennels to
determine if dogs are being
treated inhumanely in violation of
this subtitle or other law, an
authorized director of a humane
society, accompanied by a sheriff
or a deputy sheriff, may inspect a
premises:  
(i) where a person is engaged in
the business of buying, selling,
trading, or breeding dogs; or  
(ii) of a kennel where 25 or more
dogs are kept.
NO
Local government,
MASSACHUSSETS

MA ST 140 § 136A - § 175
DOGS ONLY
“Commercial breeder kennel”, an
establishment, other than a
personal kennel, engaged in the
business of breeding animals for
sale or exchange to wholesalers,
brokers or pet shops in return for
consideration.
“Personal kennel”, a pack or
collection of more than 4 dogs, 3
months old or older, owned or kept
under single ownership, for private
personal use; provided, however,
that breeding of personally owned
dogs may take place for the
purpose of improving, exhibiting or
showing the breed or for use in
legal sporting activity or for other
personal reasons; provided
further, that selling, trading,
bartering or distributing such
breeding from a personal kennel
shall be to other breeders or
individuals by private sale only and
not to wholesalers, brokers or pet
shops; provided further, that a
personal kennel shall not sell,
trade, barter or distribute a dog not
bred from its personally-owned
dog; and provided further, that
dogs temporarily housed at a
personal kennel, in conjunction
with an animal shelter or rescue
registered with the department,
may be sold, traded, bartered or
distributed if the transfer is not for
profit.
YES
Local Government
MICHIGAN   
Act No. 392
Public Acts of 2016
Effective March 29, 2017
DOGS  
“Large-scale dog breeding kennel”
means a facility where more than
15 female intact dogs over the age
of 4 months are housed or kept for
the primary purpose of breeding.
As used in this subdivision,
“housed or kept for the primary
purpose of breeding” means that
the female dog has previously
been bred and whelped. A female
dog that has not previously
produced offspring shall not be
considered to have been housed
or kept for the primary purpose of
breeding.
YES
State Department of Agriculture and
Rural Development to promulgate
rules.
A person shall not operate a
large-scale dog breeding kennel
unless the large-scale dog breeding
kennel is registered with the
department. The department shall
charge an annual fee of $500.00 per
registration of a large-scale dog
breeding kennel.
Dept Reporting Duties until 9/30/19
Large-Scale Dog Breeder Provisions
MINNESOTA
2014
Adds to Minnesota
Statutes Chapter 347
(Dogs and Cats)

Effective July 1, 2014
DOGS, CATS  
A "commercial breeder" is defined
"as a person who possesses or
has an
ownership interest in
animals and is
engaged in the
business of breeding
animals for
sale or for exchange in return for
consideration, and who
possesses ten or more adult
intact animals
and whose
animals p
roduce more than five
total litters of puppies or kittens a
year
."
YES
Beginning July 1, 2015
Minnesota Board of Animal Health
•        Licenses for each facility
owned/operated  renewed &approved
by Board by July 1 annually: annual
license fee is $10 per adult intact
animal, not to exceed $250.
•        prominently display their license
number at facility and in ads.
•        Revocation: no reapplication for 2
yrs; 2 revocations OR suspensions,
permanent bar.  
Comply with standards of care.  Lic.
funds to Dog and Cat Breeders
Licensing Account for administration.
Board to maintain brdr list on website.
MISSOURI
1992

L. 1992 S.B. 636 § 1
Animal Care Facilities Act
ANIMALS

NOTE: 2010 Ballot
initiative capped
the number of dogs
that any person
could have for
breeding purposes
to 50.  DELETED
by legislation in
2011.  
"Commercial breeder", a person,
other than a hobby or show
breeder, engaged in the business
of breeding animals for sale or for
exchange in return for a
consideration, and who harbors
more than three intact females
for the primary purpose of
breeding animals for sale
"Hobby or show breeder", a
noncommercial breeder who
breeds
dogs or cats with the
primary purpose of exhibiting or
showing dogs or cats, improving
the breed or selling the dogs or
cats, and having no more than ten
intact females. Such breeder shall
be classified as a hobby or show
breeder if such person only sells
animals to other breeders or to
individuals

NOTE: Parallel AWA, APHIS regs
YES
State Department of Agriculture
2 Mo. Code of State Regulations
30-9.010 - 9.030

273.352. Advisory committee,
appointment, qualifications--duties to
assist in establishing rules--not to
receive compensation or
expenses--promulgation of
rules--rules invalid, when
There is hereby established an
advisory committee to assist the
director in establishing rules under
sections 273.350 and 273.352 and to
provide ongoing review of the
administration of sections 273.325 to
273.357. The members of the advisory
committee shall receive no
compensation or reimbursement for
their expenses incurred in the
performance of their duties. The
advisory committee shall consist of
thirteen persons appointed by the
director as follows:
NEBRASKA
Amended 2010

NE ST § 14-102; §
15-218 - 220; § 16-206;
16-235; § 17-526,
17-547; § 25-21,236; §
37-525; § 37-705; §
54-601 - 616; § 54-617 -
624; § 54-625 - 650; §
71-4401 - 4412
DOGS, CATS
Commercial breeder means any
one of the following:
•A person who sells, exchanges,
leases, or in any way transfers 31
or more dogs or cats in a 12
month period;
•A person engaged in the
business of breeding dogs or cats
who owns or harbors 4 or more
dogs or cats, intended for
breeding, in a 12 month period;
•A person whose dogs or cats
produce a total of 4 or more litters
within a 12-month period; or
•A person who knowingly sells,
exchanges, or leases dogs or cats
for later retail sale or brokered
trading
YES
Nebraska Administrative Code.
Agriculture, Department of. Title 23:
Bureau of Animal Industry. Chapter 18
- Commercial Dog and Cat Operator
Inspection Regulations
NEVADA
1993

Nevada Revised Statutes,
CHAPTER 574 -
CRUELTY TO ANIMALS:
PREVENTION AND
PENALTIES
DOGS, CATS
“Breeder” defined.  “Breeder”
means a dealer, operator or other
person who is responsible for the
operation of a commercial
establishment engaged in the
business of breeding dogs or cats
for sale or trade. The term does
not include a person who breeds
dogs or cats as a hobby.
Commercial (cattery or kennel): 10
>6 mos, NOT including any s/n  
YES
Local jurisdictions shall enact
ordinances requiring each
breeder to obtain an annual
permit to act as a breeder.  
Statutory facilities, care, etc.  
Prohibited Acts.  
NEW HAMPSHIRE

Citation: NH ST § 466:1 -
466:54; 47:17; 207:11 -
207:13b; 210:18; 264:31;
436:99 - 436:109; 437:1 -
2437:2; 437-A:1 - 9;
508:18-a
DOGS




CATS  
“Commercial kennel” means any
person, business, corporation, or
other entity that transfers 10 or
more litters or 50 or more puppies
in any 12-month period.

437:1 License Required.
No person, firm, corporation or
other entity shall engage in the
business of transferring with or
without a fee or donation required,
to the public, l
ive animals or birds
customarily used as household
pets
unless the premises on
which they are housed, harbored
or displayed for such purposes
are duly licensed and inspected by
the department of agriculture,
markets, and food of the state of
New Hampshire. This section
shall also apply to commercial
kennels and to any person, firm,
corporation, or other entity
engaged in the business of,
including activity as a broker,
transferring live animals or birds
customarily used as household
pets for transfer to the public, with
or without a fee required, and
whether or not a physical facility is
owned by the licensee in New
Hampshire when transfer to the
final owner occurs within New
Hampshire. These provisions
shall not effect the provisions of
RSA 437:7.
YES
Department of Agriculture,
Markets, and Food, Division of
Animal Industry

Commercial Kennel Application

(Chapter 437, Chapter 437. Sale
of Pets and Disposition of
Unclaimed Animals.  Sale of
Animals and Birds)
NEW JERSEY
New Jersey Code
TITLE 4 - AGRICULTURE
AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS
DOGS   
N.J.S.A. 4:19-15.8 (a), operators of
kennels, pet shops, shelters and
pounds (animal facilities) must
apply annually to the municipality
for a license, and each license
issued shall expire on June 30th
of each year.  Kennels are defined
as, “any establishment wherein or
whereupon the business of
boarding or selling dogs or
breeding dogs for sale is carried
on, except for a pet shop.”
YES
Factors in municipal determination if
breeding kennel operation is a
business: regular and purposeful
breeding; routine sale of dogs or
puppies to the public; signs, websites,
and advertisements; having a
business name and tax identification
number; and separate kennel-type
housing for the dogs, as opposed to
pets living in the owner’s home.
Guidelines for Municipal Licensure of
Animal Facilities
NJ v Weitz - explanation of law
NEW YORK  
2001

Agriculture & Markets
Law, Article 26-A

2014  
Bill A00740A signed by
Governor 1/10/14
DOGS, CATS  
Any person who engages in the
sale or offers to sell more than
nine (9) dogs and/or cats per year
to the public
or
Any person who engages in the
sale of more than twenty five (25)
dogs and/or cats, (born and raised
on their premise) per year to the
public.

2014 - added Section
753-d to
General Business Law
Municipalities cannot restrict local
enforcement of Art 26-A
; but can
enact more restrictive laws
but not
to "essentially result  in the  
banning  of  all  sales  of dogs or
cats raised and maintained in a
healthy and safe manner" and
penalty limited to civil fine not more
than $500.00.  
YES
New York State Department of
Agriculture & Markets Division of
Animal Industry
http://www.agriculture.ny.gov/AI/small_anima
ls.html

Pet Dealer Licensing Program
Guidelines, March 2013  
NORTH CAROLINA
1977

North Carolina General
Statutes
Chapter 19A. Protection
of Animals.  Article 3.
Animal Welfare Act.
DOGS, CATS
"Dealer" means any person who
sells, exchanges, or donates, or
offers to sell, exchange, or donate
animals to another dealer, pet
shop, or research facility; provided,
however, that an individual who
breeds and raises on his own
premises
no more than the
offspring of five canine or feline
females per year, unless bred
and raised specifically for
research purposes shall not be
considered to be a dealer for the
purposes of this Article.
YES
NC Animal Welfare Administrative
Code, SUBCHAPTER 52J ‑ ANIMAL
WELFARE SECTION
Currently no materials for Dealers.  
OHIO
2012

Sub. S. B. No. 130
DOGS
ONLY
"High volume breeder" means an
establishment that keeps, houses,
and maintains adult breeding
dogs that produce
at least nine
litters
of puppies in any given
calendar year and, in return for a
fee or other consideration,
sells
sixty or more adult dogs or
puppies per calendar year.
 
"Breeding dog" means an
unneutered, unspayed dog that is
primarily harbored or housed on
property that is the dog's primary
residence
.

Statute includes a unique, specific
definition of
rescue and requires
dog rescues to
register, report
information on foster homes
used.    
YES
Sec. 956.03. The director of agriculture
shall adopt rules in accordance with
Chapter 119. of the Revised Code
establishing all of the following: (A)
Requirements and procedures
governing high volume breeders,
including the licensing and inspection
of and record keeping by high volume
breeders, in addition to the
requirements and procedures
established in this chapter.  956.17
creates Commercial Dog Breeding
Advisory Board: State Vet + 6
designated, Gov appted
w/advise/Consent of Senate.  
OKLAHOMA
2010
Amended 2012

Oklahoma Statutes
Annotated. Title 4.
Animals. Chapter 1A.
Commercial Pet Breeders
Act of 2012
DOGS, CATS
“Commercial breeder” and
“commercial pet breeder” mean
any individual, entity, association,
trust, or corporation who
possesses
eleven or more intact
female animals
for the use of
breeding or dealing in animals for
direct or indirect sale or for
exchange in return for
consideration.

“Noncommercial breeder” means
any individual, entity, association,
trust, or corporation who
possesses t
en or fewer intact
female animals
for the use of
breeding or dealing in animals for
direct or indirect sale or for
exchange in return for
consideration;

Note: intact female animal twelve
(12) months of age or older
YES:
COMMERCIAL PET
BREEDERS
State Board of Agriculture (previously,
the Act was under the authority of the
State Board of Veterinary Medical
Examiners, Board of Commercial Pet
Breeders, in Title 59.)
OREGON
2009
Effective 1/1/10

OR ST 167.310 - 390
http://www.leg.state.or.us/o
rs/167.ht
ml
DOGS
ONLY
Cap: No more than
50 dogs, >2yrs old
Dog Breeder "possesses, controls
or otherwise has charge of 50 or
more sexually intact dogs that are
eight months of age or older:
requirements
http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/167.
374
"Dog Breeders"  standards of care:
http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/167.
376
NO
State Statute Only, violations are
Class B Misdemeanors
PENNSYLVANIA
1982

AMENDED 2008

Purdon's Pennsylvania
Statutes and
Consolidated Statutes.
Title 3. Agriculture.
Chapter 8. Dogs. Dog Law
DOGS ONLY
"commercial kennel" is a kennel
that breeds or whelps dogs and;
(1) sells or transfers any dog to a
dealer or pet shop kennel; or (2)
sells or transfers more than 60
dogs per calendar year.
YES
Secretary of Agriculture via Dog
Wardens
§ 459-901. Enforcement of this act by
the secretary; provisions for
inspections c) Advisory board.--
]The secretary shall appoint a Dog
Law Advisory Board to advise the
secretary in the administration of this
act. The board shall consist of the
following, who shall either be a
resident of this Commonwealth or an
organization of this Commonwealth
RHODE ISLAND

West's General Laws of
Rhode Island Annotated.
Title 4. Animals and
Animal Husbandry.
CHAPTER 4-19. Animal
Care
DOGS, CATS
“Dealer” means any person who
sells, exchanges, or donates, or
offers to sell, exchange, or donate
animals to another dealer, pet
shop, or research facility, or who
breeds dogs and/or cats for the
purpose of selling or donating to
another dealer or pet shop, or
research facilit
y.  (AWA model)
“Breeder” means a person
engaged in the propagation of
purebred dogs and/or cats for the
purpose of improving and
enhancing a breed recognized and
registered by the American kennel
club, American field stud book, or
a registered cat breed
association.  
“Hobby breeder
means those persons whose
regular occupation is not the
breeding and raising of dogs and
cats and whose method of sale is
at retail only.
YES
No person shall be a dealer, as
defined in this chapter, after the first
day of the fiscal year unless a license
to deal has been granted by the
director to that person.

Administered by Department of
Environmental Management
Rulemaking authority and authority to
adopt AWA standards

(Note: dogs-only warranty statute, no
care provisions:
“Seller” means any person, business
or other entity engaging in the sale of
dogs, except that this definition does
not encompass the sale of dogs on
the premises of and by a public
shelter, pound or other entity operating
as a nonprofit organization pursuant to
Rhode Island law. Persons selling
fewer than twenty (20) dogs or three
(3) litters, whichever is greater, in a
single calendar year shall be exempt
from the provisions of this chapter.
SOUTH DAKOTA
2006 HB 1181
South Dakota Statutes
Chapter 40-1-41
DOGS, CATS
Inspection of commercial
breeding operation for dogs and
cats
. A veterinarian licensed in the
State of South Dakota shall be in
attendance during any portion of
an investigation of a commercial
breeding operation that is
conducted on the premises of the
commercial breeding operation.
For purposes of this section the
term,
commercial breeding
operation, means
any person
engaged in the business of
breeding dogs or cats who sells,
exchanges, or leases dogs or
cats in return for consideration
or who offers to do so
, whether or
not the dogs or cats are bred,
raised, trained, groomed, or
boarded by the person. Any person
who
owns or harbors three or
fewer unaltered dogs or cats for
breeding purposes that are at
least six months of age is not
a
commercial breeding operation.
Any person who
sells, exchanges,
or leases thirty or fewer dogs or
cats in a twelve-month period is
not a commercial breeding
operation if all such dogs or cats
are sold, exchanged, or leased to
a final owner
rather than for later
retail sale or brokered trading. Any
person
knowingly selling,
exchanging, or leasing any dogs
or cats for later retail sale or for
brokered trading is a commercial
breeding operation.
NO
 
TENNESSEE
2009
SUNSET PROVISION  
6/30/2014
TN ST § 44-17-701 - 715,
T. C. A. § 44-17-701 - 715
Commercial Breeder Act

HB 2285/SB2468: As
introduced, deletes the
provision that terminates the
Commercial Breeder Act on
June 30, 2014. - Amends
Chapter 591 of the Public
Acts of 200.  These bills have
failed.  
Fiscal Note
DOGS, CATS  
“Commercial breeder” means any
person who possesses or
maintains, under the person’s
immediate control, t
wenty (20) or
more unsterilized adult female
dogs or cats in this state
for the
purpose of selling the offspring
as companion animals
YES
TN ADC 1200-33-01-.01 - .09
Commercial Breeders
Regulations, statute expired.
Comparison of Actual and Estimated Fiscal
Note Impacts Presentation to Fiscal Review
Committee 9/18/12  
Entire Report  
See pages 8-10

NOTE:  Tennessee Statutes, Title 44,
Animals And Animal Husbandry   
Chapter 17  Dogs and Cats . Part 1  
Dog and Cat Dealers covers narrow
definitions of "Dealers who must be
annually licensed and subject to
regulations.  These involve only buys,
sells, transports or delivers to
research; buys or sells twenty-five (25)
or more dogs or cats in any one (1)
calendar year for resale; or buys or
sells at flea markets.  
TEXAS
2011

Occupations Code, Title
4. Professions Related to
Animals
Chapter 802
DOGS, CATS
"Dog or cat breeder" means a
person who possesses 11 or
more adult intact female animals
and is engaged in the business of
breeding those animals for direct
or indirect sale or for exchange in
return for consideration and who
sells or exchanges, or offers to
sell or exchange, not fewer than 20
animals in a calendar year.  
YES
Administered by Texas Department of
Licensing and Regulation
Care, conditions, more.  
VERMONT
1989

20 V.S.A. § 3511 - 3513;
3541 - 3817, 3901 -
3915, 4301 - 4304; 10
V.S.A.§ 5001 - 5007, §
4748


2013 Act No. 30 An act
relating to the sale,
transfer, or importation of
pets.

Effective July 1, 2013
DOGS, CATS & MORE

When applicable:
"animals" or for kennel
permit: domestic pets
or wolf hybrids 4
months or older kept
for breeding purposes
Amendment details, effective
7/1/13:
“Pet dealer” means any person
who sells or exchanges or who
offers to sell or exchange cats,
dogs, or wolf-hybrids, or any
combination thereof, from
three or
more litters
of cats, dogs, or wolf-
hybrids
in any 12-month period.
This definition shall not apply to
pet shops, animal shelters, or
rescue organizations as those
terms are defined in section 3901
of this title.  
Pet Dealer applies to the
municipal clerk in local jurisdiction
where covered animals are kept
for a
Pet Dealer Permit;  $25; shall
allow inspections (scheduled in
advance) of the pet dealer’s
premises pursuant to section
3682 of this title as a condition of
receiving and retaining the permit;
expires March 31; on residential
premises, inspection limited to
animal care areas; photo/video
only on written consent of permit
holder

PREVIOUS PROVISIONS,
SUPERSEDED BY ABOVE:
"Pet dealer" means any person,
firm, partnership or corporation, or
a representative or agent, who
engages in the
sale of more than
one litter of animals per year or
two or more animals over six
months of age to
consumers for
monetary consideration.
Breeders
of animals who sell animals to
the public are included
in this
definition; except that duly
incorporated humane societies or
animal shelters which make
animals available for adoption are
exempt.  
Kennel Permit required:
owner or keeper of two or more
domestic pets or wolf-hybrids
four months of age or older kept
for sale or for breeding purposes,
except for his or her own use
,
shall apply to the municipal clerk
of the town or city in which the
domestic pets or wolf-hybrids are
kept for a kennel permit
YES
Local administration of kennel
permits, subject to Vermont
Administrative Code. Title 2.
Department of Agriculture. Subtitle 4.
Division of Food Safety and Consumer
Protection. Animal Health Section.
Rule 300. Animal Welfare
Regulations, including Part 3.
Standards Subpart A. Specifications
for Handling, Care, Treatment, and
Transportation of Dogs and Cats.
VIRGINIA  
2008
Effective 1/1/09

VA ST § 3.2-5900 - 6590;
§ 29.1-516.1
DOGS ONLY
CAP:
No more than 50, >
1 yr for breeding
purposes
“Commercial dog breeder” means
any person who, during any
12-
month period, maintains 30 or
more adult female dogs for the
primary purpose
of the sale of
their offspring as companion
animals.
Maintain no more than 50 dogs
over the age of one year at any
time for breeding purposes.
However, a higher number of dogs
may be allowed if approved by
local ordinance after a public
hearing. Any such ordinance may
include additional requirements
for commercial breeding
operations State Vet or local
animal control inspects.  
YES
LOCAL - § 3.2-6507.1. Business
license required
No commercial dog breeder shall
breed dogs in the Commonwealth
without a valid business license
issued by any locality, as applicable,
where he maintains dogs for the
purpose of commercial dog breeding.

Violation of state statute, Class 1
Misdemeanor
Inspection & duty to assist inspector
any time during daylight hours.
WASHINGTON
2009
Effective 1/1/10

WA ST 16.52.010 - 320
DOGS
ONLY

CAP: No more than
50 intact, > 6 mos.  
"Any person who owns,
possesses, controls, or otherwise
has charge or custody of
more
than ten dogs with intact sexual
organs over the age of six
months and keeps the dogs in an
enclosure for the majority of the
day
must at a minimum..." meet
requirements and standards.
NO
State statute only, violations are
gross misdemeanors
WEST VIRGINIA
2013
Effective 7/13/13
SB 437 completed
4/12/13, signed by
Governor, 5/3/13

Code of West Virginia
adds new §19-20-26
Commercial dog-breeding
operations.
DOGS ONLY
"Commercial dog breeder"
maintains eleven or more
unsterilized dogs over the age of
one year for the exclusive purpose
of actively breeding and  is
engaged in the business of
breeding dogs as household pets
for direct or indirect sale or for
exchange in return for
consideration; and shall not
include:
(i) Any person who keeps or
breeds dogs exclusively for the
purpose of herding or guarding
livestock or farm animals, hunting,
tracking or exhibiting in dog
shows, performance events or
field and obedience trials; and
(ii) With respect to greyhound dogs
only, any person who holds an
occupational permit from, and has
registered a greyhound kennel
name with, the West Virginia
Racing Commission.
Class 1 - 11-30 unsterilized dogs
> 1 yr old
Class 2 - over 30 unsterilized dogs
> 1 yr old
Yes
LOCAL
Specified
local business
cert.; business license
and local annual
permit to operate
Local license fees limited by statute:
Class 1, not > $250
Class 2, not > $500
Statute includes care, conditions and
facilities requirements.  
Violations are misdemeanors, fine not
over $1,000.  Judicial discretion:
"improvement" period up to 1 yr,
possible dismissal of charges.  
WISCONSIN
2009

2009 Act 90, § 3, eff. Dec.
16, 2009
DOGS ONLY
c) "Dog breeder" means a person
who sells 25 or more dogs in a
year that the person has bred and
raised, except that "dog breeder"
does not include a person who
sells 25 or more dogs in a year
that the person has bred and
raised if all of those dogs are from
no more than 3 litters.

(d) "Dog breeding facility" means a
place at which dogs are bred and
raised and from which 25 or more
dogs are sold in a year, except that
"dog breeding facility" does not
include a place at which dogs are
bred and raised and from which
25 or more dogs are sold in a year
if all of the dogs that are sold in a
year are from no more than 3
litters.
YES
Department of Agriculture, Trade
and Consumer Protection.
.